Source of alate excitant pheromones in the red imported fire antSolenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

@article{Alonso1997SourceOA,
  title={Source of alate excitant pheromones in the red imported fire antSolenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)},
  author={Leeanne E. Alonso and Robert K. vander Meer},
  journal={Journal of Insect Behavior},
  year={1997},
  volume={10},
  pages={541-555}
}
At the onset of mating flights inSolenopsis invicta, workers swarm excitedly over the mound as alates prepare to fly. Previous studies demonstrated that this excitement is stimulated by the male and female alates. We investigated the glandular source(s) of pheromones produced by the alates that cause excitement. The only common female and male alate body part that elicited excitement when crushed was the head. Within the head, excised mandibular glands were found to be responsible for worker… 
19 Citations

Multiple functions of fire ant Solenopsis invicta mandibular gland products

The results of the present study indicate that male and female sexuals use mandibular gland secretions for mating flight initiation and during mating flights, suggesting new roles for mandIBular gland products in fire ants.

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