Sour Grapes of Wrath

  title={Sour Grapes of Wrath},
  author={Bruce S. Grant},
  pages={940 - 941}
  • B. Grant
  • Published 9 August 2002
  • History
  • Science
Of Moths and Men Intrigue, Tragedy and the Peppered Moth. Judith Hooper. Fourth Estate, London, 2002. 397 pp. £15.99. ISBN 1-84115-392-3. Of Moths and Men The Untold Story of Science and the Peppered Moth. Norton, New York, 2002. 397 pp. $26.95, C$38.99. ISBN 0-393-05121-8. Hooper presents a popular account of Biston betularia and the controversies surrounding Kettlewell's experiments on the moth's response to natural selection and pollution in the United Kingdom. 
Industrial Melanism in the Peppered Moth, Biston betularia: An Excellent Teaching Example of Darwinian Evolution in Action
  • M. Majerus
  • Sociology
  • Evolution: Education and Outreach
  • 2008
The case of industrial melanism in the peppered moth has been used as a teaching example of Darwinian natural selection in action for half a century. However, over the last decade, this case has comeExpand
Selective bird predation on the peppered moth: the last experiment of Michael Majerus
Daily selection against melanics was sufficient in magnitude and direction to explain the recent rapid decline of melanism in post-industrial Britain, and provides the most direct evidence yet to implicate camouflage and bird predation as the overriding explanation for the rise and fall of melanisms in moths. Expand
The Rise and Fall of the Carbonaria Form of the Peppered Moth
  • L. Cook
  • Geography, Medicine
  • The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 2003
A system under strong selection that has always been in a dynamic state without equilibria is indicated, and experiments to investigate predation by birds show a net advantage to carbonaria morphs in regions where typical frequencies were low at the time of the experiment, and a disadvantage where Typical frequencies were high. Expand
Myths about moths: a study in contrasts.
This article will show that charges against H.B. 'Bernard' Kettlewell are baseless and stem from a fundamental misunderstanding of the nature of science as a process. Expand
Non‐morph specific predation of peppered moths (Biston betularia) by bats
Abstract 1. Industrial melanism in the peppered moth, Biston betularia, is one of the foremost examples of natural selection in action.
The Beauty of Kettlewell's Classic Experimental Demonstration of Natural Selection
The following essay discusses the mark–release–recapture experiments Kettlewell conducted in 1953 and 1955, with reference to Robert Crease's analysis of what it means for an experiment to be considered beautiful (signification of results, overall conceptual simplicity, conclusiveness). Expand
A New Ecology: Systems Perspective
This book presents an overview of the systems-based, thermodynamic properties that underpin this natural growth and development, and explains the underlying ecosystem properties that can explain the environment's response to natural perturbations and human interventions. Expand
A Comparative Analysis of the Darwin-Wallace Papers and the Development of the Concept of Natural Selection
It is shown that natural selection’s lesser known co-discoverer should be regarded as one of the most important pioneers of evolutionary biology, whose original contributions are underestimated by most contemporary scientists. Expand
Chapter 132 – Industrial Melanism
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses industrial melanism, which is proportional increase of dark, or melanin, pigments in individuals of a population, caused by changes in the environmentExpand
Tut-tut Tutt, not so fast. Did Kettlewell really test Tutt's explanation of industrial melanism?
  • D. Rudge
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • History and philosophy of the life sciences
  • 2010
The following essay examines whether J.W.T. Tutt was indeed the first to explain the phenomenon of industrial melanism in terms of differential bird predation and the long term effects of air pollution, before considering further whether he was, in point of fact, the explanation at issue in Kettlewell's investigations. Expand


Changing views on melanic moths
It is suggested that intense pollution may have been required to drive the carbonaria morph to a high frequency, with frequency patterns over a mosaic environment smoothed by migration. Expand
Recent history of melanism in American peppered moths.
Previous surveys of American peppered moth populations are extended and a composite picture of the recent decline in melanism in northern industrial states-Michigan and Pennsylvania-where melanic phenotypes decreased from more than 90% in 1959 to 6% by 2001 is presented. Expand