Song as a pursuit-deterrent signal, and its occurrence relative to other anti-predation behaviours of skylark (Alauda arvensis) on attack by merlins (Falco columbarius)

@article{Cresswell2004SongAA,
  title={Song as a pursuit-deterrent signal, and its occurrence relative to other anti-predation behaviours of skylark (Alauda arvensis) on attack by merlins (Falco columbarius)},
  author={W. Cresswell},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={34},
  pages={217-223}
}
  • W. Cresswell
  • Published 2004
  • Biology
  • Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Skylarks show a range of anti-predation behaviours including flocking, refuge-seeking and song. Responses by skylarks to merlin attack were recorded over three winters on a Scottish estuary to determine the effectiveness of song as a pursuit-deterrent signal, and its use with respect to other anti-predation options such as flocking. Mortality due to merlin predation was high. Skylarks used song as a pursuit-deterrent signal. Merlins chased non- or poorly singing skylarks for longer periods… Expand

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