Some observations on the nature of recovery in global aphasia after stroke

@article{Sarno1981SomeOO,
  title={Some observations on the nature of recovery in global aphasia after stroke},
  author={Martha Taylor Sarno and Eric Levita},
  journal={Brain and Language},
  year={1981},
  volume={13},
  pages={1-12}
}
Abstract A small group of patients who were still classified as global aphasic at 3 months poststroke were systematically studied according to a rigorous timetable. The study patients received intensive speech therapy and were characterized as alert in spite of severe, pervasive linguistic deficits. All of the patients improved, with the greatest progress noted in auditory comprehension and the least in the use of propositional speech. There was an increased use of nonlinguistic skills for… Expand
A longitudinal study of speech fluency in aphasia
TLDR
The anatomic correlates of speech fluency were studied in 54 right-handed patients with aphasia due to stroke and found persistent nonfluency was associated with lesions in the rolandic cortical region and underlying white matter. Expand
Factors associated with improvement in global aphasia
Abstract This study evaluates the correlation of initial aphasia examination and several neuroradiologic variables with language recovery 1 year after the onset of global aphasia in 13 patients.Expand
Early intervention in a case of jargon aphasia: efficacy of language comprehension therapy.
  • E. Grayson, R. Hilton, S. Franklin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • European journal of disorders of communication : the journal of the College of Speech and Language Therapists, London
  • 1997
TLDR
A client with dysphasia was treated during the first six months following onset and the results demonstrate that improvement occurred in a pattern which suggests specific effects of treatment. Expand
Evolving error profiles during aphasia syndrome remission
Abstract Change in expressive error patterns was evaluated in twenty post-stroke aphasic patients. Two expressive tasks (repetition and naming) completed within the first, third, sixth, and twelfthExpand
Improved picture naming in chronic aphasia after TMS to part of right Broca’s area: An open-protocol study
TLDR
This preliminary, open trial suggests that rTMS may provide a novel treatment approach for aphasia by possibly modulating the distributed, bi-hemispheric language network. Expand
Speech Recovery Following Global Aphasia Without Hemiparesis
TLDR
Using the CT scan to determine lesion site and the initial severity of lan guage deficits can predict outcome accurately in patients with global aphasia without hemiparesis. Expand
Therapy for Aphasia in Italy
The Aphasia Rehabilitation Service of the Neurological Clinic of Milan University started on a voluntary basis in 1962. For many years it remained the only Aphasia Rehabilitation Service in Italy,Expand
Evolution of severe aphasia in the first two years post onset.
TLDR
Cluster scores obtained at 6 months post onset could reliably predict BASA Total scores at 24 monthsPost onset, and initial individual BASA cluster (subtest) scores were less accurate than the 6-month scores in the prediction of later BASA total scores. Expand
Treatment of Wernicke's aphasia with jargon: a case study.
  • M. Hough
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of communication disorders
  • 1993
TLDR
A therapeutic regimen was introduced that focused on visual/written information and included a hierarchy of visual word and sentence comprehension tasks and may have facilitated the patient's general attentional set, thereby possibly contributing to her improvement in communicative style and sensitivity to conversational interactions with others. Expand
Improved naming after TMS treatments in a chronic, global aphasia patient – case report
We report improved ability to name pictures at 2 and 8 months after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatments to the pars triangularis portion of right Broca’s homologue in a 57Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Recovery in Treated Aphasia in the First Year Post‐Stroke
During a one year post-stroke period of observation, the recovery trend in treated aphasic patients was characterized by general progression in communication skill. The most notable improvementExpand
Recovery from aphasia: Spontaneous speech versus language comprehension
TLDR
There were no qualitative or quantitative differences among the groups in the course of recovery, despite the fact that the groups differed in the severity of aphasia as well as on the fluency dimension. Expand
A study of pattern of recovery in aphasia.
  • M. Kenin, L. Swisher
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior
  • 1972
TLDR
The test-retest scores for these non-fluent aphasics revealed that Writing Copying showed the most improvement, followed by tests of comprehension, and Tests of expressive performance showed the least improvement. Expand
Patterns of spontaneous recovery in aphasic groups: A study of adult stroke patients
TLDR
Examination of each group's recovery revealed a more selective improvement largely in comprehension and imitation tasks for the two Low Comprehension groups, and implications of this selective improvement in initially low comprehending aphasics are discussed. Expand
Evolution of the deficit in total aphasia
TLDR
In the present report individual parameters of the deficit in three cases of total aphasia were studied by means of a special test methodology, and evidence is presented that the relational defects observed are more severe with letters than with words. Expand
Recovery patterns and prognosis in aphasia.
TLDR
Long-term follow-up demonstrated that global aphasics have a poor prognosis, while Broca's and Wernicke's have an intermediate one and complete recovery occurred frequently among anomic, conduction and transcortical aphasICS and in more than half of the traumatic cases. Expand
Visual communication in aphasia
TLDR
The evidence suggests that some severely aphasic patients can master the basics of an alternative symbol system, and several indices suggest that the communicative consequences of the system are appreciated, and that at least some of the cognitive operations entailed in natural language persist despite severe aphasia. Expand
A note on patterns of comprehension and recovery in global aphasia.
TLDR
Patients' improvement was modest and virtually equivalent on the two measures of auditory comprehension, with a consistent and surprising superiority in making correct localizations on a map as contrasted to localizing correctly familiar objects in a room. Expand
Comprehension in severe aphasics.
  • F. Boller, E. Green
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior
  • 1972
Summary Clinical examination of severely impaired aphasics suggests that despite their poor comprehension, they can still carry out some tasks such as whole body commands. They also seem toExpand
Computer tomographic localization, lesion size, and prognosis in aphasia and nonverbal impairment
TLDR
Computerized tomography scans were used to localize infarcts in 70 patients to identifyomic aphasics and lesion size correlated with severity and recovery, and comprehension among the subtests. Expand
...
1
2
3
...