Some insights in the effect of growing bio-energy demand on global food security and natural resources

  title={Some insights in the effect of growing bio-energy demand on global food security and natural resources},
  author={Alexander M{\"u}ller and Josef Schmidhuber and Jippe Hoogeveen and Pasquale Steduto},
  journal={Water Policy},
Growing crops for bio-fuels is often criticized because of its direct competition for land for food production. The recent price increases on world food markets are partly a result of this competition. For instance, cereals prices have increased by more than 60% percent since 2005 and in 2006 sugar prices peaked on a level twice as high as the level of previous years. There are concerns whether these increases will continue and if the world will run out 

Tables from this paper

Crop production and resource use to meet the growing demand for food, feed and fuel: opportunities and constraints
Abstract Global food and feed demands have been projected to double in the 21st century, which will further increase the pressure on the use of land, water and nutrients. At the same time, theExpand
'Food or Energy?' Is that the question?
Bioenergy currently draws worldwide attention, both positive and negative. Proponents argue that the large-scale development of bioenergy, more precisely of biofuels, could be part of the solutionExpand
Climate Change Adaptation in the Perspectives of Food, Energy Crisis and Environmental Degradation for Food Sovereignty in Indonesia
The influential factors that have been identified to influence the food crisis energy as well as climate changes are population growth, economic growth, and social conditions. Local food developmentExpand
Increased biofuel production in the coming decade: to what extent will it affect global freshwater resources?
Irrigated agriculture accounts for 70% of global water withdrawals and therefore contributes substantially to global water scarcity. This article focuses on the impact of the increasing demand forExpand
Water for Agriculture: Maintaining Food Security Under Growing Scarcity
Irrigated agriculture is the main source of water withdrawals, accounting for around 70% of all the world's freshwater withdrawals. The development of irrigated agriculture has boosted agriculturalExpand
Losses, inefficiencies and waste in the global food system
The findings suggest that influencing consumer behaviour, e.g. to eat less animal products, or to reduce per capita consumption closer to nutrient requirements, offer substantial potential to improve food security for the rising global population in a sustainable manner. Expand
Producing Biofuels in Low-Income Countries: An Integrated Environmental and Economic Assessment for Tanzania
This paper jointly evaluates the greenhouse gas emissions and economic impacts from producing biofuels in Tanzania. Sequentially-linked models capture natural resource constraints; emissions fromExpand
Land and water requirements of biofuel and implications for food supply and the environment in China
The increasing thirst for energy to fuel its fast growing economy has made China keen to explore the potential of modern form of bioenergy, biofuel. This study investigates the land and waterExpand
Status quo of Biodiesel Production in Africa: A Review on Technological Options, Policies and Aboriginal Feedstock Potential
Growing industrialization, modernization along with better living standards in Africa, are expected to rise in the coming years with energy demand, increasing eventually. This expansion is occurringExpand
Oil prices, biofuels production and food security: past trends and future challenges
Using US and global data we estimate auto-regressive models of US and global food prices as a function of oil prices, GDP per capita and biofuels production. Our model results show: (1) biofuelsExpand


World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030: An Fao Perspective
This report contains the latest assessment by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the long-term outlook for the world's food supplies, nutrition and agriculture. The projections cover supply andExpand
Global bioenergy potentials through 2050
Abstract Estimates of world regional potentials of the sustainable use of biomass for energy uses through the year 2050 are presented. The estimated potentials are consistent with scenarios ofExpand
Countries with Rapid Population Growth and Resource Constraints: Issues of Food, Agriculture, and Development
Recent long-term demographic projections suggest a fast deceleration of global population growth and the eventual peaking of world population later in this century at about 9.2 billion, roughly 50Expand
Sugar cane and ethanol: Drink the best and drive the rest
In an extended Business Feature section this week, Nature reporters look at three aspects of the biofuels industry, including a success story, the Brazilian sugar-cane ethanol industry, and an alternative approach to alternative fuels - the thermochemical route. Expand
World Energy Outlook 2006
  • Aie
  • Economics
  • 2006
This 2006 edition of IEA's annual World Energy Outlook presents two visions of the energy future.  Will it be under-invested, vulnerable and dirty, or clean, clever and competitive?  This edition ofExpand
The nutrition transition to 2030. Why developing countries are likely to bear the major burden
Abstract Considerable increases in food consumption, shifts in consumption patterns and changes in the entire food system have occurred globally. These changes, initially limited to theExpand
Drink the best and drive the rest, in Nature
  • IEA,
  • 2006
Impact of an Increased Biomass Use on Agricultural Markets, Prices and Food Security: A longer
  • 2006
Key World Energy Statistics – 2006 edition
  • International Energy Agency, Paris. IEA (2006b). World Energy Outlook 2006. International Energy Agency, Paris. Marris, E. (2006). Drink the best and drive the rest. Nature, 444, 670–672, 7 December. Müller, A. (2006). Competition between food and non-food uses. Presented at Economic Diversification
  • 2006