Recently, some individual differences in rats have been shown to be related to stress-induced physiological responses. As yet there has been no attempt to incorporate measurement techniques from the psychometric field to this line of research. The present study was conducted to examine the utility of applying such methods to animal research. Physiological responses to cold-restraint stress in 26 male rats were investigated using a factor analytic-multiple regression procedure. Nineteen behavioral and physiological measures obtained during open-field testing, motor activity monitoring, and passive avoidance learning were subjected to a principle components factor analysis. Five factors were extracted which reflected exploratory behavior, general activity level, metabolic rate, behavioral reactivity, and autonomic reactivity. The obtained factor scores were used to predict physiological responses to four hours of supine cold-restraint using a step-wise multiple regression procedure. General activity level was the best predictor of adrenal weight and temperature loss. Autonomic reactivity was the best predictor of ulcer incidence and severity. Applications of these statistical procedures are discussed.