Bystander effect is the communication of signals from irradiated to unexposed neighboring cells which is often mediated through factors released from irradiated cells. We have attempted to investigate whether UV-bystander phenomenon can modulate the sensitivity of A375 cells and its mechanism. For this purpose, the conditioned medium from UVC-irradiated cells, which contained these released factors, was used to treat non-exposed cells. These cells were then subsequently treated with UVC or another genotoxicant H2O2. Cell viability was determined by Trypan blue-exclusion assay, DNA damage by flow cytometry analysis, ROS production by flow cytometry and microscopic analysis. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense were assayed biochemically. Our findings revealed that exposure of non-irradiated cells to these factors induced increased in SOD and catalase activities which reverted to normal levels by 8 h. During this period, the released factors-treated cells were resistant to killing by UVC or H2O2 and induced DNA damage and lipid peroxidation were also lowered. This protection from cell killing was not present 8 h after exposure to these released factors. Our results suggested UV-bystander effect increased viability of cells through induction of antioxidant defense. This indicated UV-bystander phenomenon triggers protective response in cells.