Some Simple Economics of Open Source

  title={Some Simple Economics of Open Source},
  author={Jean Tirole and Josh Lerner},
  journal={IO: Firm Structure},
There has been a recent surge of interest in open source software development, which involves developers at many different locations and organizations sharing code to develop and refine programs. To an economist, the behavior of individual programmers and commercial companies engaged in open source projects is initially startling. This paper makes a preliminary exploration of the economics of open source software. We highlight the extent to which labor economics, especially the literature on… 
A Brief Survey of the Economics of Open Source Software
In this brief survey, this will focus on several key aspects of open source software.
Dynamics of Open Source Movements
This paper considers a dynamic model of the evolution of open source software projects, focusing onThe evolution of quality, contributing programmers, and users who contribute customer support to other users, and analyze competition by commercial firms with OSS projects.
Contributing to the Common Pool Resources in Open Source Software. A Comparison between Individuals and Firms
An exhaustive empirical analysis is carried out using data on project membership, project coordination and contribution efforts of 146 Italian firms that do business with Open Source software to analyse the contributions to Open Source projects of software firms.
Some Economic & Legal Aspects of Open Source Software
The emergence of open source software as a viable economic model has risen to the forefront in the debate on the future of the information technology industry. However, at first glance, the open
A Look Inside the Forge: Developer Productivity and Spillovers in Open Source Projects
This paper presents an empirical study on the production of open source software, based on a panel of 10,553 projects registered on SourceForge over a period of 28 months (February 2005 until May
How Open Source and Closed Source Business Structure Can Mutually Exist?
This paper presents two distinct models, two games trying to explain why open source programmers will coexist alongside closed source programmers.
Open source software development: Some historical perspectives
In this paper we suggest that historical studies of technology can help us to account for some, perplexing (at least for traditional economic reasoning) features of open source software development.
Why Do Developers and Firms Contribute to the Production of Open Source Software?
This article explains why both software developers and firms contribute to the production of Open Source Software (OSS). Existing economic theories either focus on the supply side (developers) or the
Who Is Liable for a Quantum Adversary in a Cryptocurrency System?
The liability of such harm is discussed, finding that in addition to the liability of the quantum adversary, protocol developers, network participants, and misinforming agents may be held liable for the actions of the Quantum adversary.


Economics of Open Source Software
A simple model of open source software (as typified by the Linux operating system) is presented and explanations of several stylized facts about open sourceSoftware development are given, including why certain useful programs don’t get written.
A Quantitative Profile of a Community of Open Source Linux Developers
A baseline quantitative study of one of the oldest continuous repositories for the Linux open source project (the UNC MetaLab Linux Archives) including demographic information on its broad community of developers, as well as providing a guide for more detailed future studies.
How Open Source Software Works: 'Free' User-to-User Assistance?
It is found that the Apache field support system functions effectively and that, when the help system is partitioned into its component tasks, 98% of the effort expended by information providers in fact returns direct learning benefits to those providers.
Japan's Software Factories: A Challenge to U.S. Management, Michael A. Cusumano. 1991. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. 513 pages. ISBN: 0-19-506216-7
  • M. Cusumano
  • Computer Science
    The Journal of Asian Studies
  • 1992
This book analyses how a number of Japanese firms, in an effort to catch up, have created what are called 'software factories' in which large numbers of people are engaged in developing software in co-operative ways.
Toward a new economics of science
When Beggars Become Choosers
It is argued that leaders in open source projects only have indirect means of influence on what co-developers should develop, and leaders become choosers, if a project becomes successful and attracts the attention of productive co-Developers.
Microsoft Secrets-How the World''s Most Powerful Software Company Creates Technology
From the Publisher: Drawing on almost two years of on-site observation at Microsoft headquarters, eminent scientists Michael A. Cusumano and Richard W. Selby reveal many of Microsoft's innermost
The Orbiten Free Software Survey
The authors present a first survey of free software authorship, with the emphasis not on building a census or even a "hall of fame", but on identifying patterns of concentration and distribution of contribution.
Free for All: How Linux and the Free Software Movement Undercut the High-Tech Titans
Free for All tells the fascinating story of how a simple idea provided a framework that organized thousands of open code users and revolutionized the nature of business.