Some Observations on European Witchcraft

@article{Eliade1975SomeOO,
  title={Some Observations on European Witchcraft},
  author={Mircea Eliade},
  journal={History of Religions},
  year={1975},
  volume={14},
  pages={149 - 172}
}
  • M. Eliade
  • Published 1 February 1975
  • History
  • History of Religions
As a historian of religions, I cannot fail to be impressed by the amazing popularity of witchcraft in modern Western culture and subculture. However, in the present essay I will not discuss this craze because the contemporary interest in witchcraft is only part and parcel of a larger trend, namely, the vogue of the occult and the esoteric-from astrology and pseudospiritualist movements to Hermetism, alchemy, Zen, Yoga, Tantrism, and other Oriental gnoses and techniques. But no less fascinating… 
Shamanism and Witchcraft
As one of the first historians to have initiated discussion of the relationship between shamanism and witchcraft twenty-three years ago,1 let me start my contribution to the present enquiry with a
In Search of the English Sabbat: Popular Conceptions of Witches’ Meetings in Early Modern England
This article explores the evidence for belief in the witches’ sabbat in early modern England. England is generally thought of as a country where the concept of the sabbat did not exist, and it was
Religion, Science, and the Public Imagination: The Restoration of Order in Early Modern France
On the night of 17–18 October 1534, radical religious reformers posted broadsheets throughout Paris proclaiming war on public idolatry. This “affaire des placards” was a provocation that precipitated
The Power of Ritual in Prehistory
The Power of Ritual in Prehistory is the first book in nearly a century to deal with traditional secret societies from a comparative perspective and the first from an archaeological viewpoint.
Imagining the Witch: A Comparison between Fifteenth-Century Witches within Medieval Christian Thought and the Persecution of Jews and Heretics in the Middle Ages
This paper will examine how the prominent image of the witch in Christian thought during the early modern period emerged from earlier images of the non-Christian Other, Jews and heretics for example.
Witchcraft Suppression Practices and Movements: Public Politics and the Logic of Purification
  • Maia Green
  • Sociology
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 1997
Public practices for the suppression of witchcraft are periodically performed throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. Anthropologists have generally sought to interpret such practices rather than explain
Cyborgs, drag queens, and goddesses: Emancipatoryregressive paths in feminist theory
Herbert Marcuse once observed that religion contains a "basic ambivalence," that is, an ambivalence that persists as a result of the unresolved tension between "the image of domination and the image
The cultural evolution of shamanism
TLDR
A cultural evolutionary theory is proposed to explain why shamanism consistently develops and why shamanic traditions exhibit recurrent features around the world and how shifting social conditions affect the form or existence of shamanism.
Modernist Feminist Witchcraft: Margaret Murray’s Fantastic Scholarship and Sylvia Townsend Warner’s Realist Fantasy
ion. And when she does this, she finds she remembers something important, and her thoughts themselves “slid together . . . like a pack of hounds” to join the hunt for the “clue to the secret country
The Fairy Seers of eastern Serbia: Seeing Fairies—Speaking through Trance
The fairy-seers of southeastern Europe are (mostly) women who are able to communicate with women-like creatures from the supernatural world. Sometimes the fairy-seers induce a trance state in order
...
...