Some Lessons from the Fifteenth Anniversary of the Accession of Portugal and Spain to the European Union

  title={Some Lessons from the Fifteenth Anniversary of the Accession of Portugal and Spain to the European Union},
  author={Sebasti{\'a}n Royo and Paul Christopher Manuel},
  journal={South European Society and Politics},
  pages={1 - 30}
Abstract This study examines the integration process and how it has affected political, economic and social developments in Portugal and in Spain over the last 15 years. Since the last century, the obsession of Spanish and Portuguese reformists has been to make up the lost ground with modernized Europe. EU membership has been a critical step in this direction. The record of the past 15 years is that this dream is becoming an economic reality. Despite impressive achievements, however, namely… 
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