Some Aspects of the Schooling Behaviour of Fish

@article{Keenleyside1955SomeAO,
  title={Some Aspects of the Schooling Behaviour of Fish},
  author={Miles Hugh Alston Keenleyside},
  journal={Behaviour},
  year={1955},
  volume={8},
  pages={183-247}
}
The purpose of this paper is to present a hypothesis on the nature of the schooling behaviour of fish based on an ethological investigation of schooling. Recognizing the disadvantages of a limited amount of data and of the use of different species for different parts of the study, the following tentative picture is suggested. Schooling may be considered an instinct as defined by TINBERGEN and is at a relatively low level in the hierarchical organization of behaviour. It has typical appetitive… 
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