Somatotype: a more sophisticated approach to body image work with eating disorder sufferers

@article{Stewart2014SomatotypeAM,
  title={Somatotype: a more sophisticated approach to body image work with eating disorder sufferers},
  author={Arthur D Stewart and Philip Crockett and Alan Michael Nevill and Philip J. Benson},
  journal={Advances in Eating Disorders: Theory, Research and Practice},
  year={2014},
  volume={2},
  pages={125 - 135}
}
This study sought to identify existing and desired somatotypes among eating disorder patients and controls based on the somatotype theoretical model, using a novel three-dimensional (3D) scanning approach. Sixty-three female adult volunteers comprising 31 eating disorder patients and 32 controls underwent digital photography and 3D body scanning as part of a larger body image study. Participants' existing somatotype was evaluated from the 3D scans. Each individual interacted with her 2D image… 
Relationship between body image and somatotype profile in young women
This study aimed to investigate associations among body dissatisfaction, behaviors, feelings, and beliefs related to the body - and somatotypical profile. The sample included 142 undergraduate female
What does it mean to have distorted body image in anorexia nervosa
This thesis explores body image distortion in anorexia nervosa spectrum disorders (ANSD), using 3D computer generated (CGI) stimuli together with psychophysical and behavioural methods. Experiments
Development and validation of the body shape scale (BOSHAS) for assessing body shape perception in African populations
TLDR
The BOSHAS is the first sex-specific scale of real African models photographed in face and profile, including large body shape variability, and shows good validity and reliability for evaluating body shape perceptions and dissatisfaction of Africans.
Body Image for Athletes
The concept of body image includes how we perceive, think, feel and ultimately behave due to our own conception of our physical image. Body image dissatisfaction is when there is a difference between
Variability in body size and shape of UK offshore workers: A cluster analysis approach.
TLDR
Cluster centroids represent an evidence-base for future designs in apparel and other applications where body size and proportions affect functional performance and phenotypic evidence providing insight into the 'offshore culture' which may underpin the enlarged dimensions of offshore workers.
EVALUATION OF THE LEADING TYPOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TEMPERAMENT, SEVERITY AND FEATURES OF ACCENTUATED PERSONALITY TRAITS AND PSYCHODYNAMIC FEATURES OF PERSONALITY IN PRACTICALLY HEALTHY WOMEN WITHOUT AND TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE SOMATOTYPE
Annotation. Research on the relationship of the human body with its psychological characteristics and behavioral elements is currently of great value for integrative medicine, psychology and
Best Practice Protocols for Physique Assessment in Sport
Kinanthropometry can be useful in youth sports for talent development and improving sports performance. We consider the relationship between structure (as measured by anthropometry), physiology,
Effect of Combined Training on Body Image in Women with Breast Cancer: Controlled Clinical Trial
Andréa Dias Reis (  adr.dea@hotmail.com ) Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1881-4382 Paula Tâmara Vieira Teixeira Pereira Universidade Federal do

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES
Body image, shape, and volumetric assessments using 3D whole body laser scanning and 2D digital photography in females with a diagnosed eating disorder: preliminary novel findings.
TLDR
3D-volume:2D-area relationships showed that anorexia cases had least tissue on the torso and most on the arms and legs relative to frontal area, and these novel data could inform the design of clinical trials in adjunctive treatments for eating disorders.
The nature and extent of body-image disturbances in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Attitudinal body dissatisfaction, both questionnaire and self-ideal discrepancy measures, produced substantially larger effect sizes than did perceptual size-estimation inaccuracy, which appears unlikely to reflect a more generalized sensory/perceptual deficit.
Somatotyping using 3D anthropometry: a cluster analysis
TLDR
An objective shape quantification procedure combining 3D scanning and cluster analysis yielded shape clusters strikingly similar to traditional somatotyping.
Body image perception, satisfaction and somatotype in male and female athletes and non-athletes: results using a novel morphing technique
TLDR
It is concluded that the method is reliable and that body image includes sex-specific, anthropometric, perceptual and personality-related components and that the physique associated with minimal dissatisfaction was 2.0-5.0 for males and 3.5-3.5 for females.
A computer-graphic technique for the study of body size perception and body types
TLDR
A novel approach for measuring body size estimation in normal and eating-disordered women and men using clinical categories of body types as prototypes to understand how different attributes of his or her body shape contribute to perception of body size.
Emotional reactions following exposure to idealized bodies predict unhealthy body change attitudes and behaviors in women and men.
TLDR
Gender differences in changes in emotional states following exposure to images of idealized bodies are indicative of psychological traits that predispose individuals to experience these reactions and types of body change behavior that are associated with these reactions.
The influence of body fat content and bone diameter measurements on body dissatisfaction in adult women.
TLDR
Investigation of the simultaneous influence of various anthropometric factors on body dissatisfaction in adult women found that hip diameter was a more salient factor in the determination of body dissatisfaction than the more general estimate of frame size.
Changes in body composition and fat distribution after short-term weight gain in patients with anorexia nervosa.
TLDR
Although fat was the largest component of the weight gained, there was no preferential fat deposition in any one area and the female gynoid body shape was maintained, with body fat being the component that increased the most.
Dietary restraint, body dissatisfaction, and psychological distress: a prospective analysis.
TLDR
Results cast doubt on the proposition that restrained eating is a primary cause of bulimic symptoms, emotional eating, and psychological distress seen in individuals who are trying to control their weight, and suggest that body dissatisfaction is the key factor.
Adolescent Boys and Body Image: Weight and Muscularity Concerns as Dual Pathways to Body Dissatisfaction
This research evaluated a dual pathway model for body dissatisfaction among adolescent boys. The study provides empirical support for the importance of distinguishing between weight and muscularity
...
1
2
3
...