Somatosensory Stimulation Interventions for Children with Autism: Literature Review and Clinical Considerations

@article{Hodgetts2007SomatosensorySI,
  title={Somatosensory Stimulation Interventions for Children with Autism: Literature Review and Clinical Considerations},
  author={Sandra Hodgetts and William E Hodgetts},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy},
  year={2007},
  volume={74},
  pages={393 - 400}
}
Background. There is considerable evidence that children with autism experience sensory dysfunction, which can affect their ability to participate in functional activities. Occupational therapists frequently recommend somatosensory stimulation interventions to mitigate sensory dysfunction and improve a child's ability to function. Purpose. This paper examines the rationale and evidence supporting somatosensory stimulation interventions for children with autism. Method. A comprehensive review of… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

The effects of sensory integration therapy on verbal expression and engagement in children with autism
Background/Aim: Sensory-based interventions, including sensory integration therapy (SIT), are one of the most highly requested and provided services for children with autism spectrum disordersExpand
Sensory Integration: Helping Students with Autism Incorporate Sensory Integration Techniques
The present study focused on which sensory integration techniques are effective for students with autism and sensory processing disorder (SPD). Data from this study was gathered from observing fourExpand
Family-Centered Management of Sensory Challenges of Children With Autism: Single-Case Experimental Design.
TLDR
The sensory-based, family-centered coaching approach showed promise for changing sensory-related problem behaviors of young children with autism, but the degree and maintenance of the intervention effect varied among participants. Expand
Empirical research evaluating non-traditional approaches to managing sleep problems in children with autism
TLDR
The limited corpus of evidence and the methodological limitations suggests that the efficacy of non-traditional approaches to treatment of sleep problems in individuals with autism is yet to be demonstrated. Expand
The Effect of Sensorimotor Strategies on Attention and In-Seat Behavior in Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study
ABSTRACT This quasi-experimental study explored the effects of sensorimotor strategies on improving attention and in-seat behavior of preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Using a singleExpand
Controversial Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Autism spectrum disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that share overlapping diagnostic criteria ranging in symptom severity, and parents are desperate to implement any treatments that have reported effectiveness, even if reports are anecdotal. Expand
A Pilot Study: Coordination of Precision Grip in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism
TLDR
Compared with peers with typical development, participants with ASD demonstrated prolonged latency between grip and load forces, elevated grip force at onset of load force, and increased movement variability. Expand
Child and Family Characteristics Influencing Intervention Choices in Autism Spectrum Disorders
TLDR
Only three variables predicted utilization of specific therapies: severity of sensory processing problems was associated with earlier initiation of services in general, and higher maternal and paternal education were associated with the use of dietary and/or vitamin therapy as well as with theUse of a greater number of services. Expand
Sensory Response Patterns in Nonverbal Children with ASD
TLDR
Hyporesponsiveness and sensory seeking behaviors were associated with verbal status in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses; nonverbal children were more likely to demonstrate higher hyporesponsive and sensoryseeking patterns. Expand
Evaluation of a Continuing Education Course for Occupational Therapy Practitioners on the Use of Applied Behavior Analysis
  • Leah Dunleavy
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Occupational therapy in health care
  • 2015
TLDR
Overall, ratings scores showed an increase in participants’ self-efficacy and knowledge and skill at post-course and one-month follow-up, and participants continued to implement sensory strategies to decrease challenging behaviors due to increased self- efficacy in using sensory strategies and the lack of support in implementing behavior techniques outside their session time. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
Current practice of occupational therapy for children with autism.
TLDR
Additional studies are needed to examine the efficacy of current evaluation and intervention methods, as well as to explore the relevance of available standardized assessments for this population. Expand
The effects of occupational therapy with sensory integration emphasis on preschool-age children with autism.
  • J. Case-Smith, T. Bryan
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1999
TLDR
The results support descriptions in the literature regarding the behavioral changes that children with autism can make when participating in intervention using a sensory integration approach. Expand
Brief Report: Autistic Children's Attentiveness and Responsivity Improve After Touch Therapy
TLDR
The effects of touch therapy on three problems commonly associated with autism including inattentiveness (off-task behavior), touch aversion, and withdrawal are investigated. Expand
Occupational therapy with children with pervasive developmental disorders.
  • J. Case-Smith, H. Miller
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 1999
TLDR
Examination of the practice of occupational therapists with children with pervasive developmental disorders found that those who reported more frequent use of and more competence in sensory integration approaches perceived more improvement in children's sensory integration and play skills. Expand
Efficacy of Sensory and Motor Interventions for Children with Autism
  • G. Baranek
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2002
TLDR
The sensory and motor difficulties often manifested in autism are summarized, and the scientific basis of various sensory andMotor interventions used with this population of children are evaluated. Expand
A Selective Review of Treatments for Children with Autism: Description and Methodological Considerations
Autism is a developmental disorder whose behavioral characteristics range on a continuum from mild to severe. Autism is typically not diagnosed prior to age 2 to 3 years and the prognosis for thisExpand
Use of Weighted Vests in Pediatric Occupational Therapy Practice
TLDR
Staying on task, staying in seat and attention span were the most common behaviors that therapists reported improving when weighted vests were used, and they were more common with children with the diagnoses of autism or attention deficit disorder. Expand
Empirically supported comprehensive treatments for young children with autism.
  • S. Rogers
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of clinical child psychology
  • 1998
TLDR
The criteria for empirically supported treatments, as described by Lonigan, Elbert, and Johnson (this issue), were applied to reports of eight treatment efficacy studies published in peer-reviewed journals. Expand
Effects of a weighted vest on attention to task and self-stimulatory behaviors in preschoolers with pervasive developmental disorders.
  • D. Fertel-Daly, G. Bedell, J. Hinojosa
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
  • 2001
TLDR
The findings suggest that for these 5 children with PDD, the use of a weighted vest resulted in an increase in attention to task and decrease in self-stimulatory behaviors. Expand
Annotation: what do we know about sensory dysfunction in autism? A critical review of the empirical evidence.
  • S. Rogers, S. Ozonoff
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2005
TLDR
In reviewing the evidence relevant to two theories of sensory dysfunction in autism, over- and under-arousal theory, it is found that there is very little support for hyper-arrousal and failure of habituation in autism. Expand
...
1
2
3
...