Somatoform disorders as disorders of affect regulation: A development perspective

@article{Waller2006SomatoformDA,
  title={Somatoform disorders as disorders of affect regulation: A development perspective},
  author={Elisabeth Waller and Carl Eduard Scheidt},
  journal={International Review of Psychiatry},
  year={2006},
  volume={18},
  pages={13 - 24}
}
  • E. Waller, C. Scheidt
  • Published 1 January 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International Review of Psychiatry
This paper considers the role of disturbances in affect regulation in the development and course of somatoform disorders. We first give an overview of contemporary theories in the field of psychosomatic medicine that links deficits in emotion regulation to the process of somatization, and then review recent empirical research that focuses on the association between affect regulation and somatoform disorders, with an emphasis on studies investigating the alexithymia construct. Overall, the… 
Emotion regulation and mental health: recent findings, current challenges, and future directions
TLDR
Despite some yet to be resolved challenges, the concept of emotion regulation has a broad and significant heuristic value for research in mental health.
Dysfunctional affect regulation in borderline personality disorder and in somatoform disorder.
Background: Although affect dysregulation is considered a core component of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and somatoform disorders (SoD), remarkably little research has focused on the
Dysfunctional affect regulation in borderline personality disorder and in somatoform disorder
  • A. van Dijke
  • Psychology
    European journal of psychotraumatology
  • 2012
TLDR
Evidence was found for the existence of three qualitatively different forms of experiencing states: inhibitory experiencing states (overregulation of affect and negative psychoform dissociation), excitatory experiencing states most commonly found in BPD, and combination of inhibitory and excite experiencing states commonly occurring in comorbid BPD+SoD.
Vulnerability for functional somatic disorders: A contemporary psychodynamic approach
Patients with functional somatic disorders (FSD) are markedly heterogeneous with regard to the factors contributing to their illness, their symptoms, and treatment response. In this article, we
Somatoform Pain: A Developmental Theory and Translational Research Review
TLDR
It is suggested that psychotherapeutic and/or pharmacological interventions that foster the development of affect regulation capacities in an interpersonal context will also serve to more effectively modulate aberrantly activated neural pain circuits and thus be of particular benefit for the treatment of somatoform pain.
A mentalization-based approach to the understanding and treatment of functional somatic disorders
Patients with functional somatic disorders (FSD) represent a sizeable group in our health care system. FSD are associated with high health care use and considerable personal and economic costs.
Personality and Affect When the Central Nervous System is Sensitized: An Analysis of Central Sensitization Syndromes in a Substance Use Disorder Population.
TLDR
The impact of CSS on the clinical presentation of individuals presenting to treatment for a substance use disorder (SUD), with an emphasis on personality and emotional functioning, is examined, using descriptive psychopathology literature.
Emotion regulation in patients with somatic symptom and related disorders: A systematic review
TLDR
The results indicate that patients show a reduced engagement with cognitive content of emotions in ER, which are usually shared by different diagnoses of SSD, and bodily constituents of ER seem to depict an over-reactive pattern.
Adult attachment and emotion dysregulation in borderline personality and somatoform disorders
TLDR
Study results suggest that insecure attachment may play a role in both BPD and SoD, but in different ways, with hyperactivating emotion dysregulation prominent in B PD and deactivating emotions dysregulation evident in SoD.
The first step is the hardest - emotion recognition in patients with somatoform disorders.
TLDR
The results suggest that psychotherapeutic treatment of patients with somatoform disorders should also focus on the recognition of emotions and deal with them.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 123 REFERENCES
Somatoform and personality disorders: syndromal comorbidity and overlapping developmental pathways.
Somatoform disorders as disorders of affect regulation: a study comparing the TAS-20 with non-self-report measures of alexithymia.
Disorders of Affect Regulation: Alexithymia in Medical and Psychiatric Illness
TLDR
This ebooks is under topic such as cambridge university press 0521778506 disorders of alexithymia in ptsd publish mental state understanding in adult psychiatric disorders.
Alexithymia in somatoform disorder and somatic disease: a comparative study.
  • M. Bach, D. Bach
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
  • 1996
TLDR
The results underline the clinical validity of the TAS-20 (German version) as well as the alexithymia construct and highlight the importance of measures of psychopathology and illness severity in patients with somatoform disorders as compared to patients with chronic medical illness.
Attachment Representation and Illness Behavior in Somatoform Disorders
TLDR
There was a clearly higher incidence of insecure attachment in the somatoform group compared with the nonclinical control subjects, and dismissing attachment occurred approximately twice as frequently as the preoccupied pattern of attachment.
Emotion regulation: a theme in search of definition.
  • R. Thompson
  • Psychology
    Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
  • 1994
TLDR
A perspective on how emotionregulation should be defined, the various components of the management of emotion, how emotion regulation strategies fit into the dynamics of social interaction, and how individual differences in emotion regulation should be conceptualized and measured is offered.
Emotional Awareness Deficits in Inpatients of a Psychosomatic Ward: A Comparison of Two Different Measures of Alexithymia
TLDR
The LEAS appears to be a more specific measure of change in emotional awareness in clinical contexts than the TAS 20, which tends to correlate with self-reported negative affect.
Somatization: the experience and communication of psychological distress as somatic symptoms.
  • Z. J. Lipowski
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
  • 1987
TLDR
Persistent somatization poses a serious clinical, social, and economic problem and hence early identification of potential chronic somatizers should be attempted to avoid its development.
Alexithymia and somatisation: quantitative review of the literature.
Health complaints, stress, and distress: exploring the central role of negative affectivity.
TLDR
Results demonstrate the importance of including different types of health measures in health psychology research, and indicate that self-report health measures reflect a pervasive mood disposition of negative affectivity (NA), which will act as a general nuisance factor in health research.
...
...