Soma and Amanita muscaria

  title={Soma and Amanita muscaria},
  author={John Brough},
  journal={Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies},
  pages={331 - 362}
  • J. Brough
  • Published 1 June 1971
  • Biology
  • Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
The importance of the Soma-plant in Vedic religion has never been underestimated. Among the rituals of the Yajurvedic texts, the soma-sacrifices are among the most elaborate and important, and are described in minute detail in the Brāhmaṇas and Śrauta-sūtras. These later texts nevertheless continue a direct tradition from the Ṛgveda, which can be seen to reflect an earlier stage in the development of the ritual, doubtless of a less rigidly formalized and probably less elaborate nature. Even so… 
Soma and Haoma: Ayahuasca analogues from the Late Bronze Age
  • M. Clark
  • Philosophy
    Journal of Psychedelic Studies
  • 2019
In this article, the origins of the cult of the ritual drink known assoma/haomaare explored. Various shortcomings of the main botanical candidates that have so far been proposed for this so-called
Soma, an Enigmatic, Mysterious Plant of the Vedic A
Soma plant has been a mystery since a long time. A number of plants were proposed as Soma in the past by various authorities. Wasson (1968) proposed and claimed with a specific approach that Amanita
Thunder Among the Pines: Defining a Pan-Asian Soma
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The Grand Narrative of the Mukhomor
This article addresses the complex role of mushrooms, particularly that of the fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) [Russian: Mukhomor], in the art of Moscow conceptualism in a broad setting. This paper
Shamans , Religion , Soma and the Ṛ gveda
1. Writer G. Hancock follows R. G. Wasson’s researches into the use of a hallucinogenic or, as the newer term is, entheogenic drug from the mushroom amanita muscaria (= fly agaric) and indologists S.
A botanical perspective on the identity of soma (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) based on scriptural and iconographic records
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The relationship between the sacred drink haoma and narcotic plants is a major focus in studying the religious and ritualistic traditions of the ancient people of Indo-Iran and Central Asia. This
The Discovery & Mystery of Soma Plant and its Identification
Soma plant has been a mystery since long time. A number of plants as Soma were proposed as a candidate by various authorities in the past and present. Wasson in 1968 proposed with a scientific
Soma I and II
  • H. Falk
  • History
    Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • 1989
It was a common idea in the last century, and one which can be found even today,2 that Soma/Haoma was a drink which led to ecstasy, and drugs which produce such an extraordinary state of mind have
Revisiting Wasson's Soma: Exploring the Effects of Preparation on the Chemistry of Amanita Muscaria
  • K. Feeney
  • Biology
    Journal of psychoactive drugs
  • 2010
The findings of this study demonstrated that the effects of Amanita muscaria were related to the type of preparation employed, and that its toxic effects were considerably reduced by preparations that paralleled those described for Soma in the Rig Veda.


Constituents of Amanita muscaria
The fungus Amanita muscaria has long had a reputation for insecticidal properties in folk-lore as the names ‘muscaria’, ‘fly agaric’ and ‘fliegenpilz’ imply and its use—broken up in milk or sprinkled with sugar—as a fly trap in various parts of Europe.
The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics
On pharmacology and the rational use of drugs, 42 authors share the herculean task of reviewing the flood of recent literature under single or dual authorship and each chapter offers a complete and up-to-date review.
Soma: divine mushroom of immortality