Solvent related colour vision loss: an indicator of neural damage?

@article{Mergler1987SolventRC,
  title={Solvent related colour vision loss: an indicator of neural damage?},
  author={Donna Mergler and L. M. Buddy Blain and Jos{\'e}e Lagac{\'e}},
  journal={International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health},
  year={1987},
  volume={59},
  pages={313-321}
}
SummaryPrevious studies have related colour vision loss to solvent exposure, raising the question as to its use as an indicator of solvent-related neurotoxic alterations. However, colour vision loss can likewise result from ocular damage. In the present study chromatic discrimination capacity and ocular integrity were examined among 23 workers of a paint manufacture plant exposed to solvent mixtures. Using industrial hygiene data, the workers were classified according to their exposure level… Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
Results show that color vision testing should be included in the evaluation of early neurotoxicity of chemicals in exposed workers, and the D-15 d would be useful in the surveillance of workers exposed to solvents and other chemicals toxic to the visual system. Expand
Long-Term Occupational Exposure to Organic Solvents Affects Color Vision, Contrast Sensitivity and Visual Fields
TLDR
Extensive and diffuse visual changes were found in a group of gas station workers, suggesting that specific occupational limits should be created. Expand
Psychophysical Evaluation of Achromatic and Chromatic Vision of Workers Chronically Exposed to Organic Solvents
TLDR
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TLDR
Acute exposure to toluene did not cause impairment of color vision, but color vision of the printshop workers tested before cleaning was slightly impaired (statistically not significant) when compared with unexposed subjects. Expand
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TLDR
It is suggested that exposure to moderate styrene concentrations can lead to impairment of colour vision, and that there is a significant correlation with the urinary metabolite of styrene. Expand
Acquired Color Vision Defects and Hexane Exposure: A Study of San Francisco Bay Area Automotive Mechanics.
TLDR
Cumulative exposures to hexane and nonhexane solvents in the highest exposure categories were associated with elevated prevalence ratios for color vision defects in younger participants, and acetone may potentiate the neurotoxicity of n-hexane. Expand
Blue-yellow deficiency in workers exposed to low concentrations of organic solvents
TLDR
There is further evidence that even mixtures of organic solvents at concentrations below the threshold-limit values may impair color vision. Expand
Exposure to Organic Solvents Used in Dry Cleaning Reduces Low and High Level Visual Function
TLDR
Exposure to occupational levels of organic solvents is associated with neurotoxicity which is in turn associated with both low level deficits and high level visual deficits such as the perception of global form and motion, but not visual search performance, which indicates that the deficits in visual function are unlikely to be due to changes in general cognitive performance. Expand
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