Glycine betaine and proline are the principal compatible solutes ofStaphylococcus aureus
Solvent extraction, a clean-up method for samples for the determination of amino acids by gas chromatography, was investigated and compared with a conventional ion-exchange purification. Amino acids were esterified with isopropanol and extracted with various organic solvents. The solubilities of the amino acid isopropyl esters increased with increasing solvent polarity and the size of the amino acids. The optimum pH was found to be 10.5. The method was applied to the estimation of ages by measurement of the D/L ratio of aspartic acid in human dentine. The D/L ratios so determined were slightly lower than from the ion-exchange method with respect to all dentines examined. However, there were little or no significant differences in the ages estimated by both methods, and the correlation coefficient of this method was 0.982. The method is suitable for the enantiomeric analysis of amino acids, and has several advantages in the technique and time.