Solutions for elephant Loxodonta africana crop raiding in northern Botswana: moving away from symptomatic approaches

@article{Jackson2008SolutionsFE,
  title={Solutions for elephant Loxodonta africana crop raiding in northern Botswana: moving away from symptomatic approaches},
  author={Timothy P. Jackson and Sibangani Mosojane and Sam M. Ferreira and Rudi J. van Aarde},
  journal={Oryx},
  year={2008},
  volume={42},
  pages={83 - 91}
}
Abstract Conflict between people and elephants in Africa is widespread yet many solutions target the symptoms, rather than the underlying causes, of this conflict. To manage this conflict better the underlying causes of the problem need to be examined. Here we examine factors underlying spatial use by elephants and people along the Okavango Panhandle in Ngamiland, northern Botswana, to provide ways to address the causes of the conflict between elephants and people. We found that (1) elephant… 
The role of elephant Loxodonta africana pathways as a spatial variable in crop-raiding location
Abstract Short-range elephant Loxodonta africana movements were examined in a heterogeneous landscape mosaic of settlements, crop fields and remnant forest in the Caprivi Strip, Namibia. We explored
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Seasonal and spatial vulnerability to agricultural damage by elephants in the western Serengeti, Tanzania
TLDR
Historical records of crop damage by elephants in the western Serengeti can provide protected area managers and regional government agencies with important insights into the distribution of conflict across the landscape and between seasons, and can guide efforts to optimize resource allocation and future land use planning efforts.
Perceptions and realities of elephant crop raiding and mitigation methods
Crop raiding by African elephants (Loxodonta africana) jeopardizes human livelihoods and undermines conservation efforts. Addressing this issue is particularly important in subsistence farms adjacent
Determinants of protected area boundary crossings by savannah elephants, Loxodonta africana
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When elephants leave primary protected areas (PPAs), such as national parks and game reserves, they may come into conflict with people residing on the adjoining land. In this study, I attempted to
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TLDR
Conservationists are encouraged to look beyond documenting forest elephant population decline and address the causes of these declines when developing conversation strategies and lessons learned from West African elephant population loss and habitat fragmentation should be used to inform strategies for land-use planning and managing human-elephant interactions.
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Asian elephants Elephas maximus are an endangered species and human—elephant conflict (HEC) is the major threat to their survival. HEC causes crop and property loss and occasionally results in the
Determining baselines for human-elephant conflict: A matter of time
TLDR
The level of reported crop raiding by elephants in the eastern Panhandle appears to have decreased since 2008, which seems to be related to the reduction in agricultural land allocated to people in recent years, more than with human and elephant population size.
Prevalence of human elephant conflicts in Amboseli ecosystem, Kenya: Current opinions of local community
Elephants capture the affection of people due to its size, social behavior and its flagship role in tourism. But it also elicits animosity because of the damages and insecurity it causes to local
The 2020 elephant die-off in Botswana
TLDR
A broader understanding of the ecological and conservation issues speaks to elephant management across the Kavango–Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area that extends across Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
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