Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor decoy receptor FP3 exerts potent antiangiogenic effects.

Abstract

The binding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to its receptors stimulates tumor growth; therefore, modulation of VEGF would be a viable approach for antiangiogenic therapy. We constructed a series of soluble decoy receptors containing different VEGF receptor 1 (FLT1) and VEGF receptor 2 (KDR) extracellular domains fused with the Fc region of human immunoglobulin (Ig) and evaluated their antiangiogenic effects and antitumor effects. Results of in vitro binding and cell proliferation assays revealed that decoy receptor FP3 had the highest affinity to VEGF-A and -B. Compared with bevacizumab, FP3 more effectively inhibited human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration and vessel sprouting from rat aortic rings. FP3 significantly reduced phosphorylation of AKT and ERK1/2, critical proteins in the VEGF-mediated survival pathway in endothelial cells. Moreover, FP3 inhibited tumor growth in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), breast cancer (MCF-7), and colorectal cancer (LoVo) tumor models, and reduced microvessel density in tumor tissues. The FP3-mediated inhibition of tumor growth was significantly higher than that of bevacizumab at the same dose. FP3 also demonstrated synergistic antitumor effects when combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Taken together, FP3 shows a high affinity for VEGF and produced antiangiogenic effects, suggesting its potential for treating angiogenesis-related diseases such as cancer.

DOI: 10.1038/mt.2011.285

Cite this paper

@article{Yu2012SolubleVE, title={Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor decoy receptor FP3 exerts potent antiangiogenic effects.}, author={D. C. Yu and Jung-Sun Lee and Ji young Yoo and Hyewon Shin and Hongxin Deng and Yu-Quan Wei and Chae-Ok Yun}, journal={Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy}, year={2012}, volume={20 5}, pages={938-47} }