Soluble Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (sVEGF) and the Risk of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients with Cancer: Results from the Vienna Cancer and Thrombosis Study (CATS).

Abstract

PURPOSE Cancer patients are at an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). VEGF promotes the growth of highly thrombogenic tumor vessels. Here, we explored the utility of soluble plasma VEGF-A (sVEGF) as a biomarker for the prediction of VTE in patients with cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eight hundred four patients with newly diagnosed cancer or progression after remission were prospectively followed for 2 years until the occurrence of VTE or death [tumor sites: brain (n = 87), breast (n = 137), lung (n = 120), gastrointestinal (n = 143), pancreas (n = 53), prostate (n = 95), kidney (n = 22), myeloma and lymphoma (n = 99), and others (n = 48)]. Primary endpoint was symptomatic or fatal VTE. sVEGF was measured by immunoassay in baseline plasma. RESULTS Fifty-five patients developed VTE (6.8%) and 364 patients (45.3%) died. Five-hundred and forty-two (68.3%) participants had sVEGF levels above the detection limit of 0.5 pg/mL. The median sVEGF level (25th-75th percentile) was 8.1 pg/mL (0-17.7). The cumulative 2-year incidence of VTE was 10.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), 6.4-14.9] in patients with sVEGF greater than the 75th percentile of the sVEGF distribution (Q3, cutoff: 17.7 pg/mL), and 5.9% (95% CI, 4.2-7.9) in patients with lower levels (P = 0.03). The corresponding 2-year risk of death was 52.8% (95% CI, 46.0-60.0) and 43.9% (95% CI, 40.0-48.0), respectively (P = 0.02). In univariable time-to-VTE regression, elevated sVEGF was associated with VTE [subhazard ratio (SHR) per 10 pg/mL increase, 1.04; 95% CI,1.00-1.09; P = 0.04)]. The association between sVEGF and risk of VTE prevailed after multivariable adjustment for high-risk tumor sites, age, gender, factor VIII, thrombin generation potential, and soluble P-Selectin (adjusted SHR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.00-1.09, P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Elevated sVEGF is associated with an increased risk of VTE in patients with cancer.

DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-3358

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Cite this paper

@article{Posch2016SolubleVE, title={Soluble Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (sVEGF) and the Risk of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients with Cancer: Results from the Vienna Cancer and Thrombosis Study (CATS).}, author={Florian Posch and Johannes Thaler and G Zlabinger and Oliver K{\"{o}nigsbr{\"{u}gge and Silvia Koder and Christoph C. Zielinski and Ingrid Pabinger and C Ay}, journal={Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research}, year={2016}, volume={22 1}, pages={200-6} }