Selective solid-phase extraction of uranium by salicylideneimine-functionalized hydrothermal carbon.
Diarylazobisphenol (DAB) 1 and diarylazobisphenol modified carbon 2 were synthesized and characterised. The latter has been used for solid phase extractive preconcentration and separation of trace amounts of uranium(VI) from other inorganics. In this, a column mode preconcentration of uranium(VI) was carried out in the pH range 4.0-5.0, eluted with 1.0moll(-1) HCl and determined by an Arsenazo III spectrophotometric procedure. Calibration graphs were rectilinear over the uranium(VI) concentrations in the range 5-200mugl(-1). Five replicate determinations of 25mug of uranium(VI) present in 1l solution gave a mean absorbance of 0.032 with a relative standard deviation of 2.52%. The detection limit corresponding to three times the standard deviation of the blank was found to be 5mugl(-1). The accuracy of the developed preconcentration method in conjunction with the Arsenazo III procedure was tested by analysing MESS-3, a marine sediment certified reference material. Further, the above procedure has been successfully employed for analysis of uranium(VI) in soil and sediment samples.