Solicitation of Patient Consent for Bilateral Orchiectomy in Male Canids: Time to Rethink the Obligatory Paradigm

@article{Wnderlandt2018SolicitationOP,
  title={Solicitation of Patient Consent for Bilateral Orchiectomy in Male Canids: Time to Rethink the Obligatory Paradigm},
  author={Alice N W{\"u}nderlandt and Olivia Doll and Gal Usalida},
  journal={Examines in Marine Biology \& Oceanography},
  year={2018}
}
Male canid subjects residing in a human domestic environment are routinely subject to bilateral orchiectomy, effected primarily in order to preclude reproduction and to suppress undesirable behavioral traits, including agonism and inappropriate urine dissemination [1]. This practice has remained constant and routine for decades (if not centuries), and is widely conducted globally despite evidence of deleterious secondary effects; these include (among others) increased prevalence of injury to… 
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As the author of the first draft of the recently published Academy statement, Informed Consent, Parental Permission, and Assent in Pediatric Practice,1 I would like to comment on several of the
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