Soldier frontal glands of the termiteMacrotermes subhyalinus: Morphology, chemical composition, and use in defense

@article{Prestwich2004SoldierFG,
  title={Soldier frontal glands of the termiteMacrotermes subhyalinus: Morphology, chemical composition, and use in defense},
  author={Glenn D. Prestwich and B. A. Bierl and E. David Devilbiss and Muhammad F. Chaudhury},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={3},
  pages={579-590}
}
Soldiers of the East African fungus-growing termiteMacrotermes subhyalinus (Rambur) (Termitidae: Macrotermitinae) employ both mechanical and chemical defenses. Soldiers release a chemical secretion composed of long-chain saturated and monounsaturated hydrocarbons into wounds inflicted by their powerful mandibles. Chemical analysis of the secretion shows the paraffin fraction to consist primarily ofn-tricosane,n-pentacosane, 3- and 5-methylpentacosane, and 5-methylheptacosane. The major oleflns… CONTINUE READING

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