Soldier defense secretions ofTrinervitermes bettonianus (Isoptera, Nasutitermitinae): Chemical variation in allopatric populations

  title={Soldier defense secretions ofTrinervitermes bettonianus (Isoptera, Nasutitermitinae): Chemical variation in allopatric populations},
  author={Glenn D. Prestwich and Doris Chen},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
The soldier defense secretions of major and minor soldiers of the East African nasute termiteTrinervitermes bettonianus were analyzed chromatographically and spectrometrically, and the diterpene and monoterpene constituents were determined for three allopatric populations. Incipient colonies from one population raised on food from a second population produced their population-specific terpene pattern independent of food source. Secretion compositions are thus genetically rather than… Expand
Intraspecific variation in soldier defense secretions of Longipeditermes longipes (Isoptera, Nasutitermitinae)
This paper presents the compositional and structural diversity, and calculates genetic distances among sympatric and allopatric colonies from a single species. Expand
Extreme intraspecific chemical variability in soldier defense secretions of allopatric and sympatric colonies ofLongipeditermes longipes
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Although the structures of the individual secretion components vary within the genus Nasutitermes, the glue-like nature of the secretion remains essentially unchanged and may be useful in studying the systematic biology of termites. Expand
Defence secretion of the black termite, Grallatotermes africanus (Termitidae, Nasutitermitinae)
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It is suggested that in nature, sprayed incapacitated enemies might be covered over by the workers with feces and soil, a behavior that could bring about a more timely blockage of the alarm signal. Expand
Chemical composition of the soldier secretions of the termite— Trinervitermes gratiosus
Abstract The frontal gland secretions of major and minor soldiers of the East African grass-feeding termite Trinervitermes gratiosus are composed of three groups of chemicals: monoterpeneExpand
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Volatile cephalic substances of the stingless bees, Trigona mexicana and Trigona pectoralis
Abstract Extracts of the heads of the stingless bees, Trigona mexicana and T. pectoralis , contain mixtures of compounds that are identifiable by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. TheseExpand
Behavior of the North American termite Tenuirostritermes tenuirostris, with special reference to the soldier frontal gland secretion, its chemical composition, and use in defense
Tenuirostritermes is a small genus of Neotropical termites with two species ranging northward into warm temperate, semi-arid areas of southwestern Texas or beyond into southeastern Arizona, as a member of the Nasutitermitinae. Expand
Two new tetracyclic diterpenes from the defense secretion of the neotropical termite
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Details are given for the determination of the enantiomeric composition of several insect pheromone alcohols. The two methods used in the determination were: formation of the derivative withExpand