Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum.

@article{Shindell2001SolarFO,
  title={Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum.},
  author={Drew Shindell and Gavin A. Schmidt and Michael Everett Mann and David Rind and Anne Waple},
  journal={Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={294 5549},
  pages={
          2149-52
        }
}
We examine the climate response to solar irradiance changes between the late 17th-century Maunder Minimum and the late 18th century. Global average temperature changes are small (about 0.3 degrees to 0.4 degrees C) in both a climate model and empirical reconstructions. However, regional temperature changes are quite large. In the model, these occur primarily through a forced shift toward the low index state of the Arctic Oscillation/North Atlantic Oscillation as solar irradiance decreases. This… CONTINUE READING

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
SHOWING 1-10 OF 250 CITATIONS

The Little Ice Age in Iberian mountains

M. Olivaa, J. Ruiz-Fernándezb, +19 authors S. M. Vicente-Serranof
  • 2017
VIEW 12 EXCERPTS
CITES BACKGROUND
HIGHLY INFLUENCED

Paleoclimate reconstruction in northwest Scotland and southwest Florida during the late Holocene

VIEW 5 EXCERPTS
CITES RESULTS, BACKGROUND & METHODS
HIGHLY INFLUENCED

FILTER CITATIONS BY YEAR

2002
2019

CITATION STATISTICS

  • 32 Highly Influenced Citations

References

Publications referenced by this paper.

For forcing by greenhouse gases , the enhanced latitudinal gradient is further strengthened by their cooling effect in the stratosphere

J.
  • Meteorol . Soc . Jpn .