Solar Neutrinos: Status and Prospects

  title={Solar Neutrinos: Status and Prospects},
  author={Wick Haxton and R. G. Hamish Robertson and Aldo Serenelli},
  journal={Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics},
We describe the current status of solar neutrino measurements and of the theory—both neutrino physics and solar astrophysics—employed in interpreting measurements. Important recent developments include Super-Kamiokande's determination of the ν−e elastic scattering rate for 8B neutrinos to 3%; the latest Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) global analysis in which the inclusion of low-energy data from SNO I and II significantly narrowed the range of allowed values for the neutrino mixing angle… 

Physics from solar neutrinos in dark matter direct detection experiments

A bstractThe next generation of dark matter direct detection experiments will be sensitive to both coherent neutrino-nucleus and neutrino-electron scattering. This will enable them to explore aspects

Solar neutrino physics with low-threshold dark matter detectors

Dark matter detectors will soon be sensitive to Solar neutrinos via two distinct channels: coherent neutrino-nucleus and neutrino-electron elastic scatterings. We establish an analysis method for

Comprehensive measurement of pp-chain solar neutrinos

All components of the proton–proton nuclear fusion chain, in which hydrogen is converted into helium in the Sun, are described, with several implications for fundamental solar and particle physics.

The Relevance of Nuclear Reactions for Standard Solar Models Construction

The fundamental processes by which nuclear energy is generated in the Sun have been known for many years. However, continuous progress in areas such as neutrino experiments, stellar spectroscopy and

Neutrino physics with multi-ton scale liquid xenon detectors

We study the sensitivity of large-scale xenon detectors to low-energy solar neutrinos, to coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering and to neutrinoless double beta decay. As a concrete example, we

Low-Energy Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics

Stellar evolution, the theory of how stars evolve, relies on observations of many stars of different masses, colors, ages, and chemical composition. The energy of stars is provided by nuclear fusion

Standard solar models: Perspectives from updated solar neutrino fluxes and gravity-mode period spacing

Context. Thanks to the vast and exquisite set of observations that have been made available for the Sun, our star is by far an ideal target for testing stellar models with a unique precision. A

Search for solar atmospheric neutrinos with the ANTARES neutrino telescope

Solar Atmospheric Neutrinos (SAνs) are produced by the interaction of cosmic rays with the solar medium. The detection of SAνs would provide useful information on the composition of primary cosmic



First evidence of pep solar neutrinos by direct detection in Borexino

The observed solar neutrinos in the 1.0-1.5 MeV energy range represents the first direct evidence of the pep neutrino signal and the strongest constraint of the CNO solar neutRino flux to date.

Measurement of the 8B solar neutrino flux with the KamLAND liquid scintillator detector

We report a measurement of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering rate from ^8B solar neutrinos based on a 123 kton-day exposure of KamLAND. The background-subtracted electron recoil rate, above a

Solar neutrinos observed by GALLEX at Gran Sasso.

Low-energy-threshold analysis of the Phase I and Phase II data sets of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

Results are reported from a joint analysis of Phase I and Phase II data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. The effective electron kinetic energy threshold used is Teff=3.5 MeV, the lowest

CN Cycle Solar Neutrinos and the Sun's Primordial Core Metallicity

We argue that it may be possible to exploit neutrinos from the CN cycle and p-p chain to determine the primordial solar core abundances of C and N at an interesting level of precision. Such a

Global status of neutrino oscillation parameters after Neutrino-2012

Here we update the global fit of neutrino oscillations in arXiv:1103.0734 and arXiv:1108.1376 including the recent measurements of reactor antineutrino disappearance reported by the Double Chooz,

Solar weak currents, neutrino oscillations, and time variations.

  • HaxtonZhang
  • Physics
    Physical review. D, Particles and fields
  • 1991
It is concluded that this mechanism for temporal variations in the solar-neutrino flux, like others suggested before, appears to require somewhat contrived solar conditions, however, it is quite likely that the influence of currents on neutrino effective masses is important and natural in other astrophysical settings, such as supernovas.

Three-flavor MSW solutions of the solar neutrino problem

We perform an updated phenomenological analysis of the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) solutions of the solar neutrino problem, assuming oscillations between two and three neutrino families. The

Observation of atmospheric neutrinos

Atmospheric neutrinos arise from the decay of secondaries (π, K and μ) produced by primary cosmic-ray interactions in the atmosphere. In the energy range below 1GeV, where all secondaries decay, we