Solanum melongena allergy (A comprehensive review).

@article{Berghi2021SolanumMA,
  title={Solanum melongena allergy (A comprehensive review).},
  author={Ovidiu Nicolae Berghi and Daniel Vrinceanu and Romică Cergan and Mihai Dumitru and Adrian Costache},
  journal={Experimental and therapeutic medicine},
  year={2021},
  volume={22 4},
  pages={
          1061
        }
}
The Solanaceae family, including, among other, eggplants, represents the sixth most widely cultivated crops around the globe. We review the current data regarding allergies to Solanum melongena (eggplants), generating symptoms that range from gastrointestinal to respiratory allergic reactions. Currently, there are more than 4 mechanisms and molecules presumably involved in triggering allergic reactions to Solanum melongena: The lipid transfer protein (LTP) pathway, the profilin pathway… 
2 Citations

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TLDR
This is the first report of allergy to the ingestion of eggplant in which a nonprotein secondary metabolite has been detected as an allergen, and a low molecular weight nonproteinsecondary metabolite of less than 1 kd is described.

Clinico-Immunological Analysis of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Allergy Indicates Preponderance of Allergens in the Peel

TLDR
Eggplant is a multiallergenic vegetable in the context of presence of allergens in all edible parts of eggplant having preponderance in the peel having been found to be heat-stable.

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TLDR
The 7S vicilin protein (SM 80.1) of size 45 kDa was purified from seeds of S. melongena by ammonium sulfate fractionation and size-exclusion chromatography and significant homology of SM80.1 to an allergy-related protein from S. lycopersicum was identified through a BLAST search.

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TLDR
A 43-year-old male smoker from Portugal presented with recent onset of rhinoconjunctivitis and a dry cough in the month of June when he was working in a greenhouse where eggplants (Solanum melongena) were cultivated and avoiding the greenhouse containing the eggplant and the use of inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators was associated with a rapid improvement of symptoms and normalization of the peak flow.

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TLDR
Molecular diagnosis is essential in guiding the management and risk assessment of patients with fruit and vegetable allergies, and sublingual immunotherapy with LTPs seems to be a promising therapy for LTP syndrome.

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TLDR
Carrot, potato, banana and melon seem safe for LTP-allergic patients, and this finding may be helpful for a better management of allergy to LTP.

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TLDR
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