Soil Hydraulic Properties Influenced by Stiff‐Stemmed Grass Hedge Systems

  title={Soil Hydraulic Properties Influenced by Stiff‐Stemmed Grass Hedge Systems},
  author={Achmad Rachman and Stephen H. Anderson and Clark J. Gantzer and Edward Eugene Alberts},
  journal={Soil Science Society of America Journal},
The effectiveness of stiff-stemmed grass hedge systems in controlling runoff and soil erosion is influenced by the water transport properties of the soil under grass hedge management. This study evaluated soil hydraulic properties within a grass hedge system 10 yr after establishment. The study was conducted at the USDA-ARS research station near Treynor, IA in a field managed with switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) hedges. The soil was classified as Monona silt loam (fine-silty, mixed, superactive… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Influence of Stiff‐Stemmed Grass Hedge Systems on Infiltration

The ability of grass hedge systems to reduce runoff is critical to their effectiveness in controlling soil erosion. The reduction in runoff depends on the infiltration properties of soil managed with

Predicting Runoff and Sediment Yield from a Stiff-Stemmed Grass Hedge System for a Small Watershed

Grass hedges planted at regular intervals on the landscape offer many opportunities to reduce runoff and sediment from leaving fields. Objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate the ability of the

Computed‐Tomographic Measurement of Soil Macroporosity Parameters as Affected by Stiff‐Stemmed Grass Hedges

Planting stiff-stemmed grass hedges in a watershed may reduce water runoff and soil erosion, in part by altering soil macroporosity. The objective of this study was to characterize macroporosity of

Narrow Grass Hedge Effects on Nutrient Transport Following Compost Application

The placement of stiff-stemmed grass hedges on the contour along a hillslope has been shown to decrease nutrient transport in runoff. This study was conducted to measure the effectiveness of a narrow

Hydraulic Properties Affected by Topsoil Thickness in Switchgrass and Corn–Soybean Cropping Systems

Loss of productive topsoil by erosion with time can reduce the productive capacity of soil and can significantly affect soil physical and hydraulic properties. This study evaluated the effects of

Effects of long-term soil and crop management on soil hydraulic properties for claypan soils

Various land management decisions are based on local soil properties. These soil properties include average values from soil characterization for each soil series. In reality, these properties might

Soil hydraulic properties influenced by agroforestry and grass buffers for grazed pasture systems

Agroforestry buffers have been introduced in temperate areas to improve water quality and diversify farm income. The objective of this study was to evaluate saturated hydraulic conductivity and water

Hydraulic Properties in Different Soil Architectures of a Small Agricultural Watershed: Implications for Runoff Generation

Soil architecture exerts an important control on soil hydraulic properties and hydrological responses. However, the knowledge of hydraulic properties related to soil architecture is limited. The

Soil hydrological properties as influenced by long‐term nitrogen application and landscape positions under switchgrass seeded to a marginal cropland

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has the potential to recover the soil hydrological properties of marginal lands. Nitrogen (N) and landscape position are the key factors in impacting these soil



Influence of Long‐term Cropping Systems on Soil Physical Properties Related to Soil Erodibility

Crop rotations and manure application are thought to alter soil quality. This study was conducted to quantify the effects of over 100 yr of continuous crop management and annual manure applications

Narrow grass hedge effects on runoff and soil loss.

Abstract: This rainfall simulation study provided information on the effects of 0.72 m (2.4 ft) wide switchgrass hedges located at the bottom of plots on runoff and soil loss under both no-till and


The performance of grass hedges and the effectiveness of no-till cropping systems in reducing soil loss was evaluated on standard erosion plots. No-till cotton with grass hedges, no-till cotton

Vegetative Filter Strips for Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution Control

ABSTRACT Arainfall simulator was used to evaluate the effective-ness of vegetative filter strips (VFS) for the removal of sediment, nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) from cropland runoff. Simulated


Soil water retention curves were measured on cores taken from five sites at six depths in a Bainsville clay loam soil. There were differences in both the shape and magnitude of the average moisture

Depositional Patterns of Sediment Trapped by Grass Hedges

Stiff-grass hedges can resist, retard, and disperse concentrated flows of runoff; trap suspended sediment; and reduce ephemeral gully development. Flume experiments were conducted at a 5% grade using

Field-scale watershed evaluations on deep-loess soils: II. Hydrologic responses to different agricultural land management systems

ABSTRACT: The deep-loess hills in Iowa and Missouri are susceptible to erosion and disruption of the balance between infiltration and runoff due to row-crop production. More than 30 yr of

Sediment-trapping effectiveness of stiff-grass hedges

Flume studies showed that narrow hedges of tall, stiff grasses across locations of concentrated overland flow have great potential for retarding runoff and reducing sediment losses. Hedges of

Soil and Water Conservation for Productivity and Environmental Protection

1. Conserving Soil and Water. 2. Soil Erosion and Civilization. 3. Geologic Erosion and Sedimentation. 4. Water Erosion and Sedimentation. 5. Wind Erosion and Deposition. 6. Predicting Soil Loss. 7.