Soil Diversity and Hydration as Observed by ChemCam at Gale Crater, Mars

@article{Meslin2013SoilDA,
  title={Soil Diversity and Hydration as Observed by ChemCam at Gale Crater, Mars},
  author={P. Meslin and O. Gasnault and O. Forni and S. Schr{\"o}der and A. Cousin and G. Berger and S. Clegg and J. Lasue and S. Maurice and V. Sautter and S. Le Mou{\'e}lic and R. Wiens and C. Fabre and W. Goetz and D. Bish and N. Mangold and B. Ehlmann and N. Lanza and A. Harri and R. Anderson and E. Rampe and T. McConnochie and P. Pinet and D. Blaney and R. Leveille and D. Archer and B. Barraclough and S. Bender and D. Blake and J. Blank and N. Bridges and B. Clark and L. Deflores and D. Delapp and G. Dromart and M. Dyar and M. Fisk and B. Gondet and J. Grotzinger and K. Herkenhoff and J. Johnson and J. Lacour and Y. Langevin and L. Leshin and E. Lewin and M. Madsen and N. Melikechi and A. Mezzacappa and M. Mischna and J. Moores and H. Newsom and A. Ollila and R. Perez and N. Renno and J. Sirven and Robert L. Tokar and M. de la Torre and L. d'Uston and D. Vaniman and A. Yingst},
  journal={Science},
  year={2013},
  volume={341}
}
The ChemCam instrument, which provides insight into martian soil chemistry at the submillimeter scale, identified two principal soil types along the Curiosity rover traverse: a fine-grained mafic type and a locally derived, coarse-grained felsic type. The mafic soil component is representative of widespread martian soils and is similar in composition to the martian dust. It possesses a ubiquitous hydrogen signature in ChemCam spectra, corresponding to the hydration of the amorphous phases found… Expand
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