Soft tissues around long-term platform switching implant restorations: a histological human evaluation. Preliminary results.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Switching platform restorations seems to reduce the peri-implant bone resorption and to preserve the peri-implant soft tissues. AIM The aim of the present human study was to compare histologically the peri-implant soft tissue in switching and traditional platform implants 4 years after restoration. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-eight months after implant restoration, 37 peri-implant soft tissue samples from 14 patients were harvested from traditionally restored implants (control group) and from three different platforms mismatching 0.25-0.85 mm (test groups). At the harvesting time, all sites were clinically healthy. Samples were processed to evaluate the inflammatory infiltrate area [inflamed connective tissue (ICT)], the microvascular density (MVD) and the collagen content (AA%). RESULTS At the analyses, no significant differences were found between groups in terms of ICT, MVD and AA% (p>0.05). In all groups, most samples with a well-preserved junctional epithelium showed a small and localized inflammatory infiltrated associated with not-well-oriented collagen fibres and an increased MVD. CONCLUSIONS Forty-eight months after restoration, switching and traditional platform implants had similar histological peri-implant soft tissue features, despite different bone level changes detected radiographically and published in a previous parent study. The present study seems to confirm platform switching as a safe prosthetic concept leading to better maintenance of peri-implant bone levels. However, further histological studies are required to longitudinally confirm the present data.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01641.x
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@article{Canullo2011SoftTA, title={Soft tissues around long-term platform switching implant restorations: a histological human evaluation. Preliminary results.}, author={Luigi Canullo and Gaia R. Pellegrini and Cristina Allievi and Leonardo Trombelli and Susanna Annibali and Claudia Dellavia}, journal={Journal of clinical periodontology}, year={2011}, volume={38 1}, pages={86-94} }