Soft tissue reconstructive choices for craniofacial reconstruction.

  title={Soft tissue reconstructive choices for craniofacial reconstruction.},
  author={Thomas A. Mustoe and C. Jim{\'e}nez Corral},
  journal={Clinics in plastic surgery},
  volume={22 3},
The extensive blood supply to the scalp enables the use of local flaps based mainly on the superficial temporal artery: these include skin, temporoparietal fascia, subgaleal fascia, and temporal fascia. Also, the temporalis muscle provides flaps based upon the temporal branches of the internal maxillary artery. On top of the skull, scalp flaps, galeal flaps, and pericranial flaps can be used as random flaps or as axial flaps based on the problems or anatomic reasons that would preclude… CONTINUE READING