Soft tissue cephalometric norms for orthognathic and cosmetic surgery.

  title={Soft tissue cephalometric norms for orthognathic and cosmetic surgery.},
  author={Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Shindoi and Yoshiro Matsumoto and Yutaka Sato and Takashi Ono and Kiyoshi Harada},
  journal={Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons},
  volume={71 1},
PURPOSE Proportionality of the lower and middle thirds of the face is a key determinant of successful orthognathic treatment. A flatter profile and marked variance of the soft tissue envelope in the Japanese population complicates the accurate assessment of these proportions. This study aimed to identify gender differences and establish norms for Japanese young adults using the method of soft tissue cephalometric analysis (STCA) by Arnett et al (Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 116:239, 1999… CONTINUE READING

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