Soft phonon, dynamical fluctuations, and a reversible phase transition: indium chains on silicon.


The In/Si(111)-(4 x 1) surface is a paradigmatic example of a quasi-one-dimensional system showing a reversible structural and electronic (metal-insulator) phase transition when the temperature is lowered. In this work, we use first-principles simulation techniques to uncover the atomic and electronic origin of this controversial transition. Our… (More)