Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm

  title={Soft X-ray microscopy at a spatial resolution better than 15 nm},
  author={Weilun Chao and Bruce D. Harteneck and J. Alexander Liddle and Erik Hyde Anderson and D Attwood},
Analytical tools that have spatial resolution at the nanometre scale are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. It is desirable that these tools also permit elemental and chemical identification on a scale of 10 nm or less, with large penetration depths. A variety of techniques in X-ray imaging are currently being developed that may provide these combined capabilities. Here we report the achievement of sub-15-nm spatial resolution with a soft X-ray microscope—and a clear path to… 
Soft x-ray microscopy
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Soft x-ray microscopy with 7 nm resolution
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Compact soft x-ray transmission microscopy with sub-50 nm spatial resolution.
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The full field, transmission soft x-ray microscope XM-1 is a valuable imaging instrument for many scientific and technological areas involving nanometer features. Operating from 300 to 1800 eV, it
Nanofabrication and diffractive optics for high-resolution x-ray applications
Short wavelength x-ray radiation microscopy is well suited for a number of material and life science studies. The x-ray microscope (XM1) at the Advanced Light Source Synchrotron in Berkeley,
Lensless imaging of magnetic nanostructures by X-ray spectro-holography
This work demonstrates a versatile technique for imaging nanostructures, based on the use of resonantly tuned soft X-rays for scattering contrast and the direct Fourier inversion of a holographically formed interference pattern, which is a form of Fourier transform holography and appears scalable to diffraction-limited resolution.
Imaging whole Escherichia coli bacteria by using single-particle x-ray diffraction
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Sharper images by focusing soft X-rays with photon sieves
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In this article, we describe the setup and application of a system for the spatial characterization of laser-produced plasma x-ray sources. While pinhole cameras are normally used for this purpose,
[X-ray microscopy].
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Imaging of magnetic domains with the X-ray microscope at BESSY using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism
X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (X-MCD), i.e. the change of the absorption of circular polarized Xrays for reversed sample magnetization amounts at the L2, 3-edges of 3d transition metals up to 50%
Computed tomography of cryogenic cells
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY OF CRYOGENIC CELLS G. SCHNEIDER, and E. ANDERSON Center for X-ray Optics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road MS 2-400, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA S. VOGT, C.
Soft X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation
This self-contained, comprehensive book describes the fundamental properties of soft x-rays and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation and discusses their applications in a wide variety of fields,