Soft Balancing in the Americas: Latin American Opposition to U.S. Intervention, 1898–1936

@article{Friedman2015SoftBI,
  title={Soft Balancing in the Americas: Latin American Opposition to U.S. Intervention, 1898–1936},
  author={Max Paul Friedman and Tom Long},
  journal={International Security},
  year={2015},
  volume={40},
  pages={120-156}
}
In the aftermath of the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, scholars of international relations debated how to best characterize the rising tide of global opposition. The concept of “soft balancing” emerged as an influential, though contested, explanation of a new phenomenon in a unipolar world: states seeking to constrain the ability of the United States to deploy military force by using multinational organizations, international law, and coalition building. Soft balancing can also be observed in… 
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