Corpus ID: 117954861

Socratic Epistemology: Explorations of Knowledge-Seeking by Questioning

  title={Socratic Epistemology: Explorations of Knowledge-Seeking by Questioning},
  author={Jaakko Hintikka},
Introduction 1. Epistemology without knowledge and without belief 2. Abduction: inference, conjecture, or an answer to a question? 3. Second-generation epistemic logic and its general significance 4. Presuppositions and other limitations of inquiry 5. The place of the a priori in epistemology 6. Systems of visual identification and neuroscience: lessons from epistemic logic with John Symons 7. Logical explanations 8. Who has kidnapped the notion of information? 9. A fallacious fallacy? 10… Expand
Talking About Knowledge
In current studies of knowledge at the interface of logic and epistemology, philosophical positions and logical systems lore meet in new ways. In this little piece, a programmatic sequel to vanExpand
Question-answer structures in cognition
In Peirce’s proof of pragmaticism, the crucial steps characterize abduction in terms of signs that give their objects as conclusive answers to questions. Expand
Group Knowledge in Interrogative Epistemology
In this paper we formalize an approach to knowledge that we call Interrogative Epistemology, in the spirit of Hintikka’s “interrogative model” of knowledge. According to our approach, an agent’sExpand
2 Questions as Epistemic Filters : the ‘ Relevant Distinctions ’ Theory of Knowledge
In this paper we formalize an approach to knowledge that we call Interrogative Epistemology, in the spirit of Hintikka’s “interrogative model” of knowledge. According to our approach, an agent’sExpand
Toward a Peircean Theory of Human Learning: Revealing the Misconception of Belief Revision
It is argued that Peirce’s theory of inquiry conceives how the authors must think, if they want to keep improving their knowledge, and that efforts to model Belief Revision in AI can reveal the limitations of this conceptualization for human learning. Expand
The Science to Save Us from Philosophy of Science
Are knowledge and belief pivotal in science, as contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science nearly universally take them to be? I defend the view that scientists are not primarily concernedExpand
In Support of the Weak Rhetoric as Epistemic Thesis. On the Generality and Reliability of Persuasion Knowledge
Drawing on a recent experimental social-psychological study of group deliberation, this chapter suggests that affect may not only influence, but replace cognition. Vis-a-vis this result, we present aExpand
Skepticism and Objective Contexts: A Critique of DeRose
In this paper I contrast my contextualist account of Cartesian skepticism with Keith DeRose’s account. I agree with DeRose that when the Cartesian skeptic and her opponent meet in the same context,Expand
Four grades of ignorance-involvement and how they nourish the cognitive economy
A naturalized causal response epistemology is proposed designed to give interactive distinctions the theoretical air they need to breathe in the human cognitive economy. Expand
Maximizing Cognition in Science: Affirming Truths Implies Negating Truths
When dealing with the so-called “inferential problem”, which affects current research in logic and epistemology, I will opt for the more general concepts of input and output instead of those ofExpand


Inquiry as Inquiry: A Logic of Scientific Discovery
Introduction. 1. Is Logic the Key to All Good Reasoning? 2. The Role of Logic in Argumentation. 3. Interrogative Logic as a General Theory of Reasoning. 4. What is Abduction? The Fundamental ProblemExpand
The Cartesian cogito, epistemic logic and neuroscience: Some surprising interrelations
One cannot discuss contemporary philosophy of mind without the ghost of Descartes skulking around in the shadows. And one cannot understand Descartes without understanding his famous cogito insight,Expand
A Second Generation Epistemic Logic and its General Significance
Epistemic logic was practiced already in the middle ages (see (56), (70)). It was thrust to the awareness of contemporary philosophers by von Wright in his An Essay on Modal Logic ((79), see chapterExpand
Semantics and Pragmatics For Why-Questions
The importance of the study of why-questions should be obvious. An answer to a question of the form ‘Why X?’ is closely related to an explanation of the fact that X. Hence a satisfactory theory ofExpand
The Varieties of Information and Scientific Explanation
The concept of information seems to be strangely neglected by epistemologists and philosophers of language, and philosophers’ attention is called to a few possibilities of correcting it. Expand
Scientific explanation: A critical survey
This paper describes the development of theories of scientific explanation since Hempel's earliest models in the 1940ies. It focuses on deductive and probabilistic whyexplanations and their mainExpand
Theories and Things
Here are the most recent writings, some of them unpublished, of the preeminent philosopher of our time. Philosophical reflections on language are brought to bear upon metaphysical and epistemologicalExpand
Reconsidering Logical Positivism
Preface Introduction Part I. Geometry, Relativity, and Convention: 1. Moritz Schlick's Philosophical Papers Postscript: general relativity and General Theory of Knowledge 2. Carnap and Weyl on theExpand
The principles of mathematics revisited
1. The functions of logic and the problem of truth definition 2. The game of logic 3. Frege's fallacy foiled: Independence-friendly logic 4. The joys of independence: Some uses of IF logic 5. TheExpand
On proper (popper?) and improper uses of information in epistemology
Expose des differentes theses traitant du role pragmatique de la notion d'information dans un cadre epistemologique: la logique inductive de Carnap, la conception universaliste du langage de Frege,Expand