Socioeconomic status and child development.

  title={Socioeconomic status and child development.},
  author={Robert H Bradley and Robert F Corwyn},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the most widely studied constructs in the social sciences. Several ways of measuring SES have been proposed, but most include some quantification of family income, parental education, and occupational status. Research shows that SES is associated with a wide array of health, cognitive, and socioemotional outcomes in children, with effects beginning prior to birth and continuing into adulthood. A variety of mechanisms linking SES to child well-being have been… 

Parental Socioeconomic Status as a Predictor of Physical and Mental Health Outcomes in Children - Literature Review.

Evidence is contributed to the evidence indicating that the parental socioeconomic status is highly influential in determining the child's physical and mental health and future outcomes including his/her academic achievements and education, as well as the parameters of his/Her physical abilities, cognitive function and fundamental neurobiology affecting brain development.

Family Socio-economic Status, Mother’s Psychosocial Skills, and Children’s Human Capital: Evidence from Four Low- and Middle-income Countries

Family background has been considered one of most important factors associated with child development across different settings (Brooks-Gunn and Duncan 1997; Grantham-McGregor et al. 2007). Evidence

Human development in societal context.

Low family socioeconomic position is a net of related conditions-low income, material deprivation, single-parent family structure, low educational level, minority ethnic group membership, and

Making Meaning From Money: Subjective Social Status and Young Children’s Behavior Problems

Relationships between parents’ ratings of subjective social status (SSS), objective indicators of SES (income-to-needs ratio, education, employment status), and young children’s behavior problems among 173 low-income families living in an urban area in the northeast United States are explored.

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Child and Adolescent Physical Health: An Organization and Systematic Comparison of Measures

Prior research has established a link between SES and early life health without providing clear theoretical or empirical evidence for using any particular conceptualization or operationalization of

Parenting, Family Socioeconomic Status, and Child Executive Functioning: A Longitudinal Study

Family socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of maternal behavior are among the few identified predictors of child executive functioning (EF), and they have often been found to have interactive

Childhood socioeconomic status is associated with psychosocial resources in African Americans: the Pittsburgh Healthy Heart Project.

Low childhood SES was associated with less perceived social support in daily life, a less diverse social network, and more limited use of proactive coping strategies in adulthood among African Americans, regardless of adult SES.



Measuring socioeconomic status in studies of child development.

  • R. Hauser
  • Economics, Psychology
    Child development
  • 1994
Income and household composition are preferable to the official poverty line in classifying economic standing, and housing tenure is a simple and powerful measure of economic consumption.

Socioeconomic status and health. The challenge of the gradient.

There is evidence of a graded association with health at all levels of SES, an observation that requires new thought about domains through which SES may exert its health effects.

Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development.

  • V. Mcloyd
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1998
The link between socioeconomic disadvantage and children's socioemotional functioning appears to be mediated partly by harsh, inconsistent parenting and elevated exposure to acute and chronic stressors.

Economic deprivation and early childhood development.

It is found that family income and poverty status are powerful correlates of the cognitive development and behavior of children, even after accounting for other differences--in particular family structure and maternal schooling--between low- and high-income families.

The influence of "family background" on intellectual attainment.

"Family background" frequently has been found to have long-term effects on adult intellectual, occupational, and economic outcomes. Since families differ both genetically and environmentally, it has

Poverty and Behavior: The Case for Multiple Methods and Levels of Analysis☆☆☆★

Abstract Research investigating the relations among poverty, home environment, and child outcomes within biologically related families has the potential to confound genetic and environmental

Socioeconomic Disparities in Adolescent Health: Contributing Factors

Using the first wave of the Add Health (the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health) 1 public use data, we examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent

Measures of Socioeconomic Status in Child Development Research: Data and Recommendations.

Information and data are provided that are important for developmental psy chologists in selecting an SES index. The issues addressed are (a) the use of Holl ingshead's SES indexes, (b) the

Stability of intelligence from preschool to adolescence: the influence of social and family risk factors.

Multiple risk was important in longitudinal prediction, even after prior measurement of child IQ was accounted for; the pattern of risk was less important than the total amount of risk present in the child's context.