Socioeconomic status and child development.

  title={Socioeconomic status and child development.},
  author={Robert H. Bradley and Robert F Corwyn},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the most widely studied constructs in the social sciences. Several ways of measuring SES have been proposed, but most include some quantification of family income, parental education, and occupational status. Research shows that SES is associated with a wide array of health, cognitive, and socioemotional outcomes in children, with effects beginning prior to birth and continuing into adulthood. A variety of mechanisms linking SES to child well-being have been… Expand
Parental Socioeconomic Status as a Predictor of Physical and Mental Health Outcomes in Children - Literature Review.
Evidence is contributed to the evidence indicating that the parental socioeconomic status is highly influential in determining the child's physical and mental health and future outcomes including his/her academic achievements and education, as well as the parameters of his/Her physical abilities, cognitive function and fundamental neurobiology affecting brain development. Expand
Family Socio-economic Status, Mother’s Psychosocial Skills, and Children’s Human Capital: Evidence from Four Low- and Middle-income Countries
Family background has been considered one of most important factors associated with child development across different settings (Brooks-Gunn and Duncan 1997; Grantham-McGregor et al. 2007). EvidenceExpand
Socioeconomic Status, Family Processes, and Individual Development.
Evidence is provided for an interactionist model of the relationship between SES and family life, which incorporates assumptions from both the social causation and social selection perspectives, and recommendations for future research are made. Expand
Human development in societal context.
Low family socioeconomic position is a net of related conditions-low income, material deprivation, single-parent family structure, low educational level, minority ethnic group membership, andExpand
Making Meaning From Money: Subjective Social Status and Young Children’s Behavior Problems
  • A. Roy, Ashley R. Isaia, C. Li-Grining
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association
  • 2019
Relationships between parents’ ratings of subjective social status (SSS), objective indicators of SES (income-to-needs ratio, education, employment status), and young children’s behavior problems among 173 low-income families living in an urban area in the northeast United States are explored. Expand
Child-rearing Practices and Socio-economic Status: Possible Implications for Children's Educational Outcomes
Abstract Child-rearing practices and home environment are significant factors in shaping children's lives. In particular, socioeconomic status (SES) plays an important role in influencing parentingExpand
The Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Child and Adolescent Physical Health: An Organization and Systematic Comparison of Measures
Prior research has established a link between SES and early life health without providing clear theoretical or empirical evidence for using any particular conceptualization or operationalization ofExpand
Ramifications of socioeconomic differences for three year old children and their families in Turkey
Abstract This study identifies how socioeconomic status (SES) is linked to receptive vocabulary knowledge, externalizing behaviors, and prosocial behaviors of children through the characteristics ofExpand
Parenting, Family Socioeconomic Status, and Child Executive Functioning: A Longitudinal Study
Family socioeconomic status (SES) and the quality of maternal behavior are among the few identified predictors of child executive functioning (EF), and they have often been found to have interactiveExpand
Socioeconomic status, parental investments, and the cognitive and behavioral outcomes of low-income children from immigrant and native households
The current study examines the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on preschool children's cognitive and behavioral outcomes and if these relations are mediated by the quality of children's homeExpand


Social and economic background and class inequalities in health among young adults.
  • C. Power
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Social science & medicine
  • 1991
While class differentials were not eliminated after taking account of earlier circumstances, substantial reductions were associated with a number of factors in childhood, in particular social class, housing tenure, crowding, family size and receipt of free school meals. Expand
Measuring socioeconomic status in studies of child development.
  • R. Hauser
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child development
  • 1994
Income and household composition are preferable to the official poverty line in classifying economic standing, and housing tenure is a simple and powerful measure of economic consumption. Expand
Socioeconomic status and health. The challenge of the gradient.
There is evidence of a graded association with health at all levels of SES, an observation that requires new thought about domains through which SES may exert its health effects. Expand
Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development.
  • V. Mcloyd
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1998
The link between socioeconomic disadvantage and children's socioemotional functioning appears to be mediated partly by harsh, inconsistent parenting and elevated exposure to acute and chronic stressors. Expand
Economic deprivation and early childhood development.
It is found that family income and poverty status are powerful correlates of the cognitive development and behavior of children, even after accounting for other differences--in particular family structure and maternal schooling--between low- and high-income families. Expand
Socialization mediators of the relation between socioeconomic status and child conduct problems.
It is suggested that part of the effect of socioeconomic status on children's aggressive development may be mediated by status-related socializing experiences. Expand
Poverty and Behavior: The Case for Multiple Methods and Levels of Analysis☆☆☆★
Abstract Research investigating the relations among poverty, home environment, and child outcomes within biologically related families has the potential to confound genetic and environmentalExpand
The influence of "family background" on intellectual attainment.
"Family background" frequently has been found to have long-term effects on adult intellectual, occupational, and economic outcomes. Since families differ both genetically and environmentally, it hasExpand
Socioeconomic Disparities in Adolescent Health: Contributing Factors
Using the first wave of the Add Health (the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health) 1 public use data, we examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescentExpand
Measures of Socioeconomic Status in Child Development Research: Data and Recommendations.
Information and data are provided that are important for developmental psy chologists in selecting an SES index. The issues addressed are (a) the use of Holl ingshead's SES indexes, (b) theExpand