Socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease: risks and implications for care

  title={Socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease: risks and implications for care},
  author={Alexander Michael Clark and Marie Desmeules and Wei Luo and Amanda S. Duncan and Andy T. Wielgosz},
  journal={Nature Reviews Cardiology},
Socioeconomic status (SES) refers to an individual's social position relative to other members of a society. Low SES is associated with large increases in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in men and women. The inverse association between SES and CVD risk in high-income countries is the result of the high prevalence and compounding effects of multiple behavioral and psychosocial risk factors in people of low SES. However, strong and consistent evidence shows that parental SES, childhood and… 

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