Socio-economic position and common mental disorders

  title={Socio-economic position and common mental disorders},
  author={Petros Skapinakis and Scott Weich and Glyn Lewis and Nicola Singleton and Ricardo Araya},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={109 - 117}
Background Individuals in lower socio-economic groups have an increased prevalence of common mental disorders. Aims To investigate the longitudinal association between socio-economic position and common mental disorders in a general population sample in the UK. Method Participants (n=2406) were assessed at two time points 18 months apart with the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule. The sample was stratified into two cohorts according to mental health status at baseline. Results None of the… 
Socio-economic position and mental disorders in a working-age Finnish population: the health 2000 study.
Low income seems to be a more important correlate of mental disorders than education or occupation in a high-income country such as Finland.
Does early socio-economic disadvantage predict comorbid alcohol and mental health disorders?
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Comparison of three birth cohorts in the representative German Health Survey with regard to substance use, depressive, anxiety and somatoform disorders finds that lifetime risk is higher in recent cohorts and a gradient of social class shows a tendency to be stronger in younger cohorts.
Educational inequalities in major depressive and generalized anxiety disorders: results from the French national SIP study
Non-working status was strongly associated with both disorders and the prevalences of MDD/GAD and of less educated people were lower in the working population than in the non-working population.
Social determinants of mental health: A review of the evidence
A non-systematic narrative review of the published evidence on the association between mental health and sociodemographic and economic factors at individual- and at area-level highlights the importance of social factors in the initiation and maintenance of mental illness.
Which socio-economic measures are associated with psychological distress for men and women? A cohort analysis.
The two most commonly used measures of socio-economic position, occupation and education, were not significantly associated with psychological distress while other, less studied measures were.
Economic difficulties and common mental disorders among Finnish and British white-collar employees: the contribution of social and behavioural factors
Conflicts between work and family contribute to the association between economic difficulties and CMD in both Finland and Britain and supporting people to cope not only with everyday economic difficulties but also with work–family conflicts may be important for reducing inequalities in mental health.
Mental health problems and socioeconomic disadvantage: a controlled household study in rural Ethiopia
A need to consider households of people with SMD or depression as a vulnerable group requiring economic support alongside access to evidence-based mental healthcare is indicated.
Socioeconomic circumstances and common mental disorders among Finnish and British public sector employees: evidence from the Helsinki Health Study and the Whitehall II Study.
The results suggest that among employee populations, the socioeconomic patterning of common mental disorders may differ from that of other domains of health.


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