Socio‐cultural dynamics of female genital cutting: Research findings, gaps, and directions

@article{Gruenbaum2005SocioculturalDO,
  title={Socio‐cultural dynamics of female genital cutting: Research findings, gaps, and directions},
  author={Ellen Gruenbaum},
  journal={Culture, Health \& Sexuality},
  year={2005},
  volume={7},
  pages={429 - 441}
}
  • Ellen Gruenbaum
  • Published 1 September 2005
  • Business
  • Culture, Health & Sexuality
The goal of abolishing female genital cutting (FGC, or also FGM or ‘female circumcision’) requires that the socio‐cultural dynamics of the practice be well understood if behavioural change is to be accomplished. This paper, based on the literature and the author's ethnographic research in Sudan, reports on the research issues of studying the variation in and complexity of cutting practices and their cultural correlates, arguing for multiple approaches and methods. It highlights directions for… 
Creating identity through female genital cutting
This study uses 16 in-depth interviews of Somali women living in London to establish the extent to which Female Genital Cutting practices are used to create both a cultural and a gendered identity.
Gendered Identity and Anti-Female Genital Cutting (FGC) Activism among the Ejaghams, Cameroon
This paper is a critical appraisal of NGO activism against female genital cutting (FGC) practices among Ejagham communities in Southwest Cameroon. The paper argues that by framing female circumcision
Male and female genital cutting among Southern Thailand's Muslims: rituals, biomedical practice and local discourses
  • C. Merli
  • Sociology
    Culture, health & sexuality
  • 2010
This paper explores how local people in a province in southern Thailand perceive the practice of male and female genital cutting. In order to understand the importance placed on these practices, a
Influence of Female Genital Cutting on Sexual Experience in Southern Ethiopia
TLDR
Whether the sexual experiences of married men and women differ by women's FGC status is explored, as women and men recognized the sexual pleasure and healthy birth experiences of uncut women.
Female Genital Cutting (FGC): Who Defines Whose Culture as Unethical?
TLDR
This paper questions the Western paternalistic FGC eradication strategy and supports the autonomy and empowerment of non-Western women in FGC-practicing communities.
Understanding different positions on female genital cutting among Maasai and Samburu communities in Kenya: a cultural psychological perspective
TLDR
An analysis of different positions on female genital cutting, either legitimising the practice or challenging it is presented, developed from cultural psychological theory and qualitative data collected in Maasai communities around Loitokitok and Magadi, Kajiado County, and Samburu communities around Wamba,Samburu County, in Kenya.
Mismatch between Interventionists’ Messages and Local Reality of Female Genital Cutting in a Kurya Society - Northern Tanzania
Female genital cutting viewed as harmful, painful and traumatic practice experienced by girls and women; is also regarded as gender violent practice against women and girl child. Regardless of global
Empirical Determinants of Female Genital Cutting
Despite ongoing efforts to encourage the abandonment of the practice both internationally and domestically, female genital cutting (FGC) remains prevalent in The Gambia. Three main theories have
Perceptions and experiences of female genital mutilation after immigration to Sweden: an explorative study.
Attitudes towards female genital cutting among adolescents in rural Burkina Faso: a multilevel analysis
TLDR
New prevalence data from rural adolescents are presented and factors associated with FGC receipt and attitudes are examined, testing predictions of social convention and modernisation theory regarding the abandonment process.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES
The cultural debate over female circumcision: the Sudanese are arguing this one out for themselves.
This article critiques medical ecological analysis of female circumcision as a "maladaptive cultural pattern" and argues that this highly controversial procedure must be analyzed within the larger
Female "Circumcision" in Africa: Culture, Controversy, and Change
This interdisciplinary volume examines the issue of female genital cutting, or circumcision and explores the role that scholars can and should play in approaching this issue.
womb as oasis: the symbolic context of Pharaonic circumcision in rural Northern Sudan
This paper represents an effort to understand why Pharaonic circumcision of females persists in the Sudanese village of Hofriyat despite numerous attempts to effect its eradication. After a brief
14 Rites and Wrongs : An Insider / Outsider Reflects on Power and Excision
The issue of female initiation and "circumcision" is of significant intellectual and personal interest to me. Like previous anthropologists, I am fascinated by the social, ideological, and
Female circumcision in Egypt: social implications, current research, and prospects for change.
  • M. Assaad
  • Medicine
    Studies in family planning
  • 1980
TLDR
The social implications of the practice of female circumcision in Egypt are examined and interviews conducted in a pilot study in 1979 suggest that even in the absence of social and economic change, many uneducated women, given information, will question the validity ofFemale circumcision.
Prisoners of ritual : an odyssey into female genital circumcision in Africa
TLDR
This valuable book will be extremely helpful to professionals and scholars in women's studies, social psychology, psychotherapy, psychiatry, gynecology, sexology, as well as cross-cultural and African studies.
Judging the other. Responding to traditional female genital surgeries.
TLDR
The authors discuss cultural relativism and moral universalism; female circumcision in sections on epidemiology, health effects, and culture, religion, and social change; the debate historically; the response of Arab and African women; and moving beyond the impasse.
The Female Circumcision Controversy: An Anthropological Perspective
TLDR
In The Female Circumcision Controversy, Ellen Gruenbaum points out that Western outrage and Western efforts to stop genital mutilation often provoke a strong backlash from people in the countries where the practice is common, and looks at the validity of Western arguments against the practice.
Searching for "voices": feminism, anthropology, and the global debate over female genital operations.
  • C. Walley
  • Sociology
    Cultural anthropology : journal of the Society for Cultural Anthropology
  • 1997
TLDR
A feminist and anthropological political response to female genital "operations" that transcends the current debate over the phenomenon, which is couched in terms of cultural relativism or of politically-informed outrage is laid out.
Female genital mutilation: Proposals for change
This report provides an explanation of the major dimensions of the practice of "female circumcision" - its extent, practice, historical antecedents, contemporary practice, medical and social
...
...