Socialized medicine: individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees.

@article{Evans2010SocializedMI,
  title={Socialized medicine: individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees.},
  author={Jay D. Evans and Marla Spivak},
  journal={Journal of invertebrate pathology},
  year={2010},
  volume={103 Suppl 1},
  pages={S62-72}
}
Honey bees are attacked by numerous parasites and pathogens toward which they present a variety of individual and group-level defenses. In this review, we briefly introduce the many pathogens and parasites afflicting honey bees, highlighting the biology of specific taxonomic groups mainly as they relate to virulence and possible defenses. Second, we describe physiological, immunological, and behavioral responses of individual bees toward pathogens and parasites. Third, bees also show behavioral… CONTINUE READING

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