Socialized medicine: individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees.

  title={Socialized medicine: individual and communal disease barriers in honey bees.},
  author={Jay D. Evans and Marla Spivak},
  journal={Journal of invertebrate pathology},
  volume={103 Suppl 1},
Honey bees are attacked by numerous parasites and pathogens toward which they present a variety of individual and group-level defenses. In this review, we briefly introduce the many pathogens and parasites afflicting honey bees, highlighting the biology of specific taxonomic groups mainly as they relate to virulence and possible defenses. Second, we describe physiological, immunological, and behavioral responses of individual bees toward pathogens and parasites. Third, bees also show behavioral… CONTINUE READING

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 92 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 218 references

Melissococcus pluton, the cause of European foulbrood of honey bees (Apis spp.)

  • L. Bailey
  • Journal of Applied Bacteriology
  • 1983
Highly Influential
3 Excerpts

Honeybee Pathology, second ed

  • L. Bailey, B. V. Ball
  • 1981
Highly Influential
2 Excerpts

Resistance to American foulbrood in honey bees: I. Differential survival of larvae of different genetic lines

  • W. C. Rothenbuhler, V. C. Thompson
  • Journal of Economic Entomology
  • 1956
Highly Influential
4 Excerpts

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…