Socialist religion and the emergence of occultism: a genealogical approach to socialism and secularization in 19th-century France

@article{Strube2016SocialistRA,
  title={Socialist religion and the emergence of occultism: a genealogical approach to socialism and secularization in 19th-century France},
  author={Julian Strube},
  journal={Religion},
  year={2016},
  volume={46},
  pages={359 - 388}
}
  • J. Strube
  • Published 29 March 2016
  • Sociology
  • Religion
It is often assumed that the history of 19th-century France was determined by a struggle between anti-religious progressive reformers and Catholic reactionaries, culminating in laïcité. In this process, the role of socialism as a secular force is usually taken for granted. This article will argue that a more complex approach to socialism can contribute to a better understanding of secularization and the emergence of “modern” forms of religion. Firstly, it will be discussed that pre-1848 social… 
Occultist Identity Formations Between Theosophy and Socialism in fin-de-siècle France
Fin-de-siecle occultism is usually regarded within the context of an “occult revival” that implies the modernization of an older esoteric tradition. However, this notion is rooted in esoteric
Red catechisms: socialist educational literature and the demarcation of religion and politics in the early 19th century
ABSTRACT The catechetical genre not only has a long history in religious but also in political discourse. During the 18th century, catechisms were produced on a vast number of diverse subjects,
The “Baphomet” of Eliphas Lévi: Its Meaning and Historical Context
Although the Baphomet drawn by Eliphas Levi (i.e., Alphonse-Louis Constant, 1810–1875) is one of the most famous esoteric images worldwide, very little is known about its context of emergence. It is
THE ROMANTIC SOCIALIST ORIGINS OF HUMANITARIANISM
“Humanitarian” (humanitaire) came into use in French contemporaneously with the emergence of romantic socialism, and in the context of the rebuilding of post-revolutionary French society and its
The emergence of ‘Marxism’ in its historical context: a perspective from religious studies
ABSTRACT This review essay discusses Gareth Stedman Jones’s biography of Karl Marx from a Religious Studies perspective. It highlights the benefits of this study for ongoing discussions about the
The Style and Mythology of Socialism: Socialist Idealism, 1871-1914
Arguably no modern ideology has diffused as fast as socialism. From the mid-nineteenth century to the last quarter of the twentieth, socialist ideals played a crucial part not only in the political
Alternative Spirituality among Global Scientists
ABSTRACT Scholars, especially those in the West, often attribute the construction of alternative spirituality to a culture of individualism. Here, we explore how non-religious scientists construct

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 231 REFERENCES
A discussion of Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics (London: Verso, 1985).
Today in advanced capitalist societies there is a rift between radical theory and radical politics, caused by the twin crises of socialism and Marxism. Socialism as model and Marxism as a theoretical
La Mere Humanite" : Femininity in the Romantic Socialism of Pierre Leroux and the Abbe A.-L. Constant
Humanity, my mother, since you have led me, by so many paths, to conceive this design, support me, inspire me, affirm me. -Pierre Leroux, "Invocation to my Muse."1 It was during the July Monarchy in
Beyond Enlightenment: Occultism and Politics in Modern France
The occult sciences have attracted followers and fascinated observers since the Middle Ages. "Beyond Enlightenment" examines the social, political, and metaphysical doctrines of Martinism, a French
Public religions in the modern world
In this reconsideration of the relation between religion and modernity, Jose Casanova surveys the roles that religions may play in the public sphere of modern societies. During the 1980s, religious
On Populist Reason
In this new and highly original work Ernesto Laclau continues the philosophical and political exploration initiated in Hegemony and Socialist Strategy, New Reflections on the Revolution of Our Time
Romantic Catholics: France's Postrevolutionary Generation in Search of a Modern Faith
life experiences and broader cultural events shaped their writing and conclusions; this is a reminder that no historian, past or present, writes in a social or cultural vacuum. The early medieval
A Republic of Mind and Spirit: A Cultural History of American Metaphysical Religion
This path-breaking book tells the story of American metaphysical religion more fully than it has ever been told before, along the way significantly revising the panorama of American religious
The Mennaisian “Catholic Science of Religion”: Epistemology and History in Early Nineteenth-Century French Study
This article examines the “science of religion” constructed by the Catholic Traditionalist Felicite de Lamennais (1782-1854) and his followers associated with the journal Memorial Catholique
Challenging Dechristianization: The Historiography of Religion in Modern France
nerships with governments, providing a form of religion that is "for" the people rather than "of" the people. Many European churches, of course, do not share these characteristics, but even
What is Religion
Religious studies cannot agree on a common definition of its subject matter. To break the impasse, important insights from recent discussions about post-foundational political theory might be of some
...
1
2
3
4
5
...