Social welfare, inequality, and poverty when needs differ

  title={Social welfare, inequality, and poverty when needs differ},
  author={Udo Ebert},
  journal={Social Choice and Welfare},
The paper examines income distributions of a finite population consisting of households which may differ with respect to needs. Since observed incomes are not directly comparable, income distributions have to be adjusted. Incomes are transformed to equivalent incomes interpreted as living standards and measured for a reference type, and the latter are supplemented by weights depending on needs. A general class of social welfare orderings (being based on adjusted rank-ordered income… CONTINUE READING