Social undermining of healthy eating and exercise behaviors

  title={Social undermining of healthy eating and exercise behaviors},
  author={Dixie Stanforth and Michael S Mackert},
  journal={Acsm's Health \& Fitness Journal},
• To learn how others may influence healthy eating and exercise choices and common behavioral responses to negative input. Increased understanding of this phenomenon will enable fitness professionals to engage clients in effective interactions to raise awareness and develop preventive measures for specific situations. 5.8 kg/m 2 ) and females (28.0 T 7.3 kg/m 2 ) categorized as overweight (25.0 Y 29.9 kg/m 2 ). Exercisers had significantly lower BMI values than nonexercisers (26.4 T 5.9 kg/m 2… 

Undermining of nutrition and exercise decisions: experiencing negative social influence.

Undermining of healthy behaviors is an important issue for public health researchers and practitioners as it pertains to patient counseling and the development of strategies for resisting undermining.

Integrating intrapersonal and interpersonal processes: a key step in advancing the science of behavior change

The meta-reviews in this special issue provide an assessment of the current state of this toolbox with regard to enhancing people's self-regulation and show that the experimental evidence currently available remains limited regarding whether, when, and why intervention strategies enhance people's ability to regulate their behavior.

What MFTs should know about nutrition, psychosocial health, and collaborative care with nutrition professionals.

The roles of several micronutrients and macronutrient will be described as well as the effects of eating patterns and overall metabolic health on mental health.

Associations between partner’s diet undermining and poor diet in mixed-weight, older gay married couples: a dyadic mediation model

It is suggested that undermining strategies are detrimental to both partners' relational health, emotional health, and physical health (diet)-regardless of weight status-and provide valuable targets for prevention and intervention.



Diet and physical activity behaviors among Americans trying to lose weight: 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

Women reported trying to lose weight at a lower BMI than did men; 60% of overweight women were trying to Lose weight, but men did not reach this level until they were obese, and most persons trying to losing weight were not using minimum recommended weight loss strategies.

Health-related quality of life and weight loss practices among overweight and obese US adults, 2003 behavioral risk factor surveillance system.

Moderate poor HRQOL among men and better HRZOL among women were associated with trying to lose weight, and consideration of these influences on weight loss may be useful in the treatment and support of obese patients.

Preventing excessive weight gain.

It is shown that prevention of excessive weight gain could be accomplished through small behavior changes to “close” the energy gap, and this research supports previous research show-ing that the average American adult gains 0.45–0.91 kg each year, which would be an average accumula-tion of 15 kcal/d.

Couples training, pharmacotherapy, and behavior therapy in the treatment of obesity.

The effects of behavior therapy with and without either pharmacotherapy or couples training were studied in 124 obese adults, and patients with obese spouses lost more weight than patients with nonobese spouses.

Obesity and the Environment: Where Do We Go from Here?

It is estimated that affecting energy balance by 100 kilocalories per day (by a combination of reductions in energy intake and increases in physical activity) could prevent weight gain in most of the population.

Participant characteristics associated with errors in self-reported energy intake from the Women's Health Initiative food-frequency questionnaire.

Energy intake is generally underreported, and both the magnitude of the error and the association of the self-reporting with objectively estimated intake appear to vary by participant characteristics, so studies relying on self-reported intake should include objective measures of energy expenditure in a subset of participants.

Benefits of recruiting participants with friends and increasing social support for weight loss and maintenance.

Both recruitment strategy and the social support manipulation affected treatment completion and weight-loss maintenance in participants recruited alone or with 3 friends or family members.

Social Support and Social Undermining as Correlates for Alcohol, Drug, and Mental Disorders in American Indian Women Presenting for Primary Care at an Indian Health Service Hospital

Overall, social undermining appears to have a stronger relationship with mental health than with social support, even when controlling for confounding demographic variables.

The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years.

Network phenomena appear to be relevant to the biologic and behavioral trait of obesity, and obesity appears to spread through social ties, which has implications for clinical and public health interventions.

Long-term maintenance of weight loss: current status.

  • R. JefferyA. Drewnowski D. R. Hill
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2000
Suggested research priorities are patient retention, natural history, assessment of intake and expenditure, obesity phenotypes, adolescence at a critical period, behavioral preference-reinforcement value, physical activity and social support, better linkage of new conceptual models to behavioral treatments, and the interface between pharmacological and behavioral methods.