Social support in social interaction: a moderator of cardiovascular reactivity.

  title={Social support in social interaction: a moderator of cardiovascular reactivity.},
  author={William Gerin and Carl F. Pieper and Roy Levy and Thomas G. Pickering},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
&NA; This study examines the possibility that social support operates as a moderator of cardiovascular reactivity, which may be a factor in the development of heart disease and hypertension. An experiment was performed in which each of 40 subjects was the object of verbal attack in a discussion of a controversial issue. In each session, one subject and three confederates participated. Two of the confederates argued with the subject; in half the groups, a third confederate defended the subject's… 
An evaluation of the impact of social support manipulations on cardiovascular reactivity to laboratory stressors.
2 studies evaluating the association between social support and cardiovascular reactivity to a stressor failed to support the reactivity buffering effects of social support.
Social Support as a Moderator of Cardiovascular Reactivity in Women: A Test of the Direct Effects and Buffering Hypotheses
This study examines the possibility that social support operates as a moderator of cardiovascular reactivity in women and concludes that the results provide support for both the buffering and direct effects models.
Social Support Effects on Cardiovascular Reactivity: Is a Stranger as Effective as a Friend?
SocialSupport from a friend attenuated cardiovascular reactivity in a laboratory setting to a greater degree than support from a stranger, over and above the effects of the actual behaviors themselves.
Social support lowers cardiovascular reactivity to an acute stressor.
Results provide experimental evidence of potential health benefits of social support during acute stressors and men had higher stress‐related increases in blood pressures than did women; but gender did not moderate the effects of socialSupport on cardiovascular reactivity.
Evaluation interferes with social support : Effects on cardiovascular stress reactivity in women
We examined the role of social support in moderating cardiovascular reactivity to behavioral stress. Fifty female students performed a stressful math task while alone or in the presence of a close
The Varied Impact of Social Support on Cardiovascular Reactivity
Two experiments examine the hypothesis that the effect of social support on cardiovascular reactivity depends on participants' evaluative concerns and their motivation for task performance. In both
Social support and cardiovascular reactions to active laboratory stressors.
It was concluded that future tests of the social support-reactivity hypothesis need to be conducted in more realistic social settings, and subsequent analysis following reallocation of subjects in the partnered conditions to groupings based on their ratings of how supportive or prying they found their partners did yield some effects.
A Meta-analysis of the effects of experimental manipulations of social support during laboratory stress
Abstract A meta-analysis was conducted on 22 experimental studies of the effects of social support on reactivity to laboratory stress. The analysis included 26 comparisons and 56 effect sizes, with
Factors that moderate the effect of laboratory-based social support on cardiovascular reactivity to stress
Social support has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular reactivity to stress (CVR) is thought to mediate the association between social support
Problems and prospects for the social support-reactivity hypothesis
  • S. Lepore
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 1998
This article identifies the basic assumptions, problems, and prospects of the social support-reactivity hypothesis, and offers ideas for advancing research in this area.


Social support reduces cardiovascular reactivity to psychological challenge: a laboratory model.
Interpersonal support may reduce cardiovascular responsivity to stress, an effect with possible implications for understanding the association between social relationships and cardiovascular risk.
Cardiovascular reactivity and interpersonal influence: active coping in a social context.
These two studies examined the cardiovascular effects of effortful attempts to influence other people and obtained similar effects on SBP and DBP reactivity in men and women, while both preparing an influence attempt and making that attempt.
Interpersonal influence as active coping: effects of task difficulty on cardiovascular reactivity.
The contingent conditions produced significantly higher levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate reactivity and reactivity was higher in the difficult condition than in the easy and very difficult conditions.
Studies of independence and conformity: I. A minority of one against a unanimous majority.
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Psychophysiologic Reactivity as a Dimension of Individual Differences
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Social relationships and health.
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A Theory of Social Comparison Processes
Hypothesis I: There exists, in the human organism, a drive to evaluate his opinions and his abilities. While opinions and abilities may, at first glance, seem to be quite different things, there is a
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The Dilema of Obedience Obedience is as basic an element in the structure of social life as one can point to. Some system of authority is a requirement of all communal living, and it is only the man
Informal social communication.
Comparison of Finger and Intra‐arterial Blood Pressure Monitoring at Rest and During Laboratory Testing
Beat-to-beat blood pressure recording via FINAPRES provides an accurate estimate of means and variability of radial blood pressure in groups of subjects and represents in most cases an acceptable alternative to invasive blood pressure monitoring during laboratory studies.