Social support, organizational characteristics, psychological well-being, and group appraisal in three self-help group populations

  title={Social support, organizational characteristics, psychological well-being, and group appraisal in three self-help group populations},
  author={Kenneth I. Maton},
  journal={American Journal of Community Psychology},
  • K. Maton
  • Published 1 February 1988
  • Psychology
  • American Journal of Community Psychology
This study examined the relationship of three social support and three organizational variables to two well-being and two group appraisal variables among 144 members of Compassionate Friends, Multiple Sclerosis, and Overeaters Anonymous self-help groups. An anonymous questionnaire was the major research instrument. Receiving social support was not significantly related to depression or anxiety but was positively related to perceived group benefits and group satisfaction. Providing social… 

Group Environments in Self-Help Groups for Families

Group Environment Scale (GES) ratings by members of 3 self-help groups for families enabled comparisons of social climate in three different types of groups: social-reform, self-reform, and support

Mediating Effects of Emotional Support Reception and Provision on the Relationship between Group Interaction and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Young Patients

Evaluating whether emotional support exchanges mediate the relationship between group interaction and psychological well-being revealed significant mediating roles of emotional support provision and sequential reciprocity, not equitable reciprocity.

Social support online: Benefits and barriers to participation in an Internet support group for heart patients

The purpose of this study was to investigate if using an Internet support group for cardiac patients was associated with reduced psychosocial risk factors for heart disease and to discover why some

Political ideology, helping mechanisms and empowerment of mental health self‐help/mutual aid groups

Self-help/mutual aid groups share common attributes such as they are peer-led, address a common problem or condition, have a voluntary character and little or no connection with professionals.

A qualitative study investigating the potential for collaborative relationships between clinical psychologists and self-help groups in the field of mental health, and comparing clinical psychologists' views about self-help groups with self-help group members' views about the professional care system

This study explores the potential for collaborative relationships between clinical psychologists and self-help group members in the field of mental health, comparing the views of each group in

Balance and source of social support in relation to well-being.

  • J. Jung
  • Psychology
    The Journal of general psychology
  • 1997
Well-being was examined as a function of the balance of provided and received levels of four types of social support shared by 165 college students and their support networks over 1 semester, with men who provided more informational support than they received reported more symptoms at Time 2 than did net recipients, if Time 1 hassles were low.

Towards an ecological understanding of mutual-help groups: The social ecology of “fit”

  • K. Maton
  • Psychology
    American journal of community psychology
  • 1989
An ecological framework to view mutual-help groups was adopted, and its usefulness was illustrated by examining aspects of the social ecology of "fit" among 163 members of Compassionate Friends, Multiple Sclerosis, and Overeaters Anonymous groups.

The Structure of Social Exchange in Self-help Support Groups: Development of a Measure

Examination of the different types of social exchange behaviors that occur during meetings using two studies to develop empirically distinct scales that reliably measure theoretically important types of exchange shows good convergent and discriminant validity with related constructs.

Giving and Receiving Help: Interpersonal Transactions in Mutual-Help Meetings and Psychosocial Adjustment of Members

A predicted interaction suggested that receiving help was related to better functioning when members experienced high levels of group integration, and total amount of help received was not associated with adjustment, but receiving help that provided cognitive reframing was associated with better social adjustment.

Organizational Characteristics and Issues Affecting the Longevity of Self-Help Groups for Parents of Children with Special Needs

The organizational characteristics and issues affecting the maintenance of nine self-help groups for parents of children with special needs are discussed and can be used by parents and service providers to plan new groups, recruit group members, and ensure the effective functioning of groups as they change over time.



Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.

There is evidence consistent with both main effect and main effect models for social support, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being.

Effects of participation in a self-help group for bereaved parents: compassionate friends.

Those parents who were most involved in the group were more likely to maintain a sense of positive personal change over the one year time span of the study, and a linear trend was evidenced in personal growth.

Help-Giving in Behavioral Control and Stress Coping Self-Help Groups

Numerous summaries have been published regarding the psychosocial helping processes occurring in self-help groups (Antze, 1976; Back and Taylor, 1976; Barish, 1971; Bumbalo and Young, 1973; Caplan,

Self-esteem in young men: a longitudinal analysis of the impact of educational and occupational attainment.

Analysis of relationships among self-esteem, educational attainment, and occupational status indicates that factors associated with educational success become less central to the self-evaluations of young men during late high school and the years thereafter.

The “Helper” Therapy Principle

ency—it may be that emphasis is being placed on the wrong person in centering at tention on the individual receiving help. More attention might well be given the individual who needs the help less,

Does Self‐Help Help?

Although most members reported considerable satisfaction with the clubs, participation had no discernible impact on the psychosocial adjustment of the adolescent patients or their parents.

The impact of self-help groups on the mental health of widows and widowers.

Significant positive changes were found to have occurred only for those who participated actively in the self-help groups, and those who sought no formal help.

Mutual Help Groups: Organization and Development

'...will be welcomed by the experienced practitioner as well as the new professional and volunteer. The book is written clearly and...provides a valuable service to all those involved by explicitly

Coping with Victimization: Conclusions and Implications for Future Research

The papers in this issue reflect an exciting new direction in social psychology that has been emerging for the past decade. Since the 1960's, social psychologists have devoted a great deal of

A therapeutic coalition for obesity: behavior modification and patient self-help.

The effectiveness of a self-help organization for the obese was significantly increased by behavior modification techniques. Sixteen chapters of TOPS (Take Off Pounds Sensibly), with a total of 234...