Social support, organizational characteristics, psychological well-being, and group appraisal in three self-help group populations

@article{Maton1988SocialSO,
  title={Social support, organizational characteristics, psychological well-being, and group appraisal in three self-help group populations},
  author={Kenneth I. Maton},
  journal={American Journal of Community Psychology},
  year={1988},
  volume={16},
  pages={53-77}
}
  • K. Maton
  • Published 1 February 1988
  • Psychology
  • American Journal of Community Psychology
This study examined the relationship of three social support and three organizational variables to two well-being and two group appraisal variables among 144 members of Compassionate Friends, Multiple Sclerosis, and Overeaters Anonymous self-help groups. An anonymous questionnaire was the major research instrument. Receiving social support was not significantly related to depression or anxiety but was positively related to perceived group benefits and group satisfaction. Providing social… 

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A qualitative study investigating the potential for collaborative relationships between clinical psychologists and self-help groups in the field of mental health, and comparing clinical psychologists' views about self-help groups with self-help group members' views about the professional care system

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  • J. Jung
  • Psychology
    The Journal of general psychology
  • 1997
TLDR
Well-being was examined as a function of the balance of provided and received levels of four types of social support shared by 165 college students and their support networks over 1 semester, with men who provided more informational support than they received reported more symptoms at Time 2 than did net recipients, if Time 1 hassles were low.

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  • K. Maton
  • Psychology
    American journal of community psychology
  • 1989
TLDR
An ecological framework to view mutual-help groups was adopted, and its usefulness was illustrated by examining aspects of the social ecology of "fit" among 163 members of Compassionate Friends, Multiple Sclerosis, and Overeaters Anonymous groups.

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Examination of the different types of social exchange behaviors that occur during meetings using two studies to develop empirically distinct scales that reliably measure theoretically important types of exchange shows good convergent and discriminant validity with related constructs.

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A predicted interaction suggested that receiving help was related to better functioning when members experienced high levels of group integration, and total amount of help received was not associated with adjustment, but receiving help that provided cognitive reframing was associated with better social adjustment.

Organizational Characteristics and Issues Affecting the Longevity of Self-Help Groups for Parents of Children with Special Needs

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The organizational characteristics and issues affecting the maintenance of nine self-help groups for parents of children with special needs are discussed and can be used by parents and service providers to plan new groups, recruit group members, and ensure the effective functioning of groups as they change over time.
...

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