Social play and play-soliciting by infant canids

  title={Social play and play-soliciting by infant canids},
  author={Marc Bekoff},
  journal={Integrative and Comparative Biology},
  • M. Bekoff
  • Published 1 February 1974
  • Psychology
  • Integrative and Comparative Biology
The development of social interaction was studied in infant coyotes, beagles, and wolves. In this paper, social play behavior is discussed. Social play may be characterized in a number of ways: (i) actions from various contexts are incorporated into labile (unpredictable) temporal sequences; (ii) the “play bout” is typically preceded by a metacommunicative signal which indicates “what follows is play”; these signals are also observed during the bout; (iii) certain actions may be repeated and… 

Play Signals as Punctuation: The Structure of Social Play in Canids

Actions called play signals have evolved in many species in which social play has been observed. Despite there being only few empirical demonstrations, it generally is accepted that play signals are

What is Play for the Bonobo

The social play behavior of the bonobo (Pan paniscus) was studied in a provisioned group at Wamba, Zaire. Case studies revealed characteristics of the play of this species. (1) An older female

The ontogeny of play in feral olive baboons (Papio anubis)


It is suggested that in babblers testing the social bond is a major component in both social play and allopreening, both physically and socially.

Social Play in Coyotes, Wolves, and Dogs

The results of some developmental studies conducted on infant canids which provide some insights into the dynamics of the development of social play are reported.

Quantitative Analysis of the Ontogeny of Play Behaviour in Canid Hybrids

The frequency of successfully triggering contact play and the duration of the individual play initiative turn out to be a suitable measure of the — otherwise hardly recordable — genetically determined readiness to play.

Social play in captive wolves (Canis lupus): not only an immature affair

Animal social play represents an important tool for self- and social-assessment purposes during the juvenile phase. Nevertheless, this activity may continue into adulthood as well providing immediate

Sharing the motivation to play: the use of signals in adult bonobos

Intentional Communication and Social Play: How and Why Animals Negotiate and Agree to Play

This paper considers how analyses of social play in nonhuman animals (hereafter animals) can inform inquiries about the evolution of cognitive mechanisms and what play can tell us about the emergence of mind in animals.

Playful behaviour in relation to family group activity in polecats (Mustelidae)

Size was found to be a factor related to certain behavioural attributes which were closely correlated/ranked with each other, namely, play, exploration and agility, and the heavier animals were found to play more, be more active and also more agile.



The Development of Social Interaction, Play, and Metacommunication in Mammals: An Ethological Perspective

  • M. Bekoff
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1972
In this review, general concepts of behavioral development in mammals are discussed and analyzed, and the many variables that are involved are considered.

The Primate Play Face: A Possible Key to the Determinants and Evolution of Play

Play has not yet received the attention or research investigation that many other categories of behavior, such as sexual behavior, aggressive behavior, feeding behavior, etc., have received;

Play deprivation in deer.

The hypothesis that play is not due to a specific motivation on its own but is closely related to a general readiness to be active, at least for the species in question is supported.

Ontogeny of Prey-Killing Behavior in Canidae

  • M. Fox
  • Environmental Science
  • 1969
The development of prey-killing behavior in naive hand-raised wolves, coyotes and grey foxes was studied and the socio-ecological aspects of hunting, which have not been studied in this investigation, are considered.

The leaping of langurs: A problem in the study of locomotor adaptation

Describing of the features of the home range commonly used by the gray langur, the kinds of postures and locomotor skills used there, as well as the sorts of social activities that occur in these places and postures are given.

Coital behavior in dogs. 3. Effects of early isolation on mating in males.

Three groups of male beagles were reared from weaning to sexual maturity under special circumstances and their responses to estrous females were compared in a series of mating tests, which resulted in males achieving intromission in only 24 per cent of their tests.

Genetics and the Social Behaviour of the Dog

The classic study of dog behavior gathered into one volume. Based on twenty years of research at the Jackson Laboratory, this is the single most important and comprehensive reference work on the

Ends, Means, and Galumphing: Some Leitmotifs of Play1

Two main questions are asked here about play. (1) Is it really a coherent category of activity in spite of the diverse forms it takes in man and animals? (2) Does it make sense in terms of the

An Exploratory Model of Play

Play is defined as a state of experience in which the actor's ability to act matches the requirements for action in his environment. It differs from anxiety, in which the requirements outnumber the

Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog

  • F. P. Gault
  • Medicine
    The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1965
second half of the book presents the information that the authors were able to gather with the assistance of two public health teams supported by the Greek Ministry of Health in relation to medical