Social organization and sexual pattern in the Mediterranean parrotfish Sparisoma cretense (Teleostei: Scaridae)

@article{deGirolamo1999SocialOA,
  title={Social organization and sexual pattern in the Mediterranean parrotfish Sparisoma cretense (Teleostei: Scaridae)},
  author={Massimo de Girolamo and Marta Scaggiante and Maria B. Rasotto},
  journal={Marine Biology},
  year={1999},
  volume={135},
  pages={353-360}
}
Abstract We examined the social organization and reproductive pattern of a population of Sparisoma cretense L. at Lampedusa Island (Italy). During the breeding season (July to September) individuals occur either in territorial or in non-territorial groups, which quantitatively differ with respect to use of space, sex-ratio and sexual activity. Territorial groups consist of one male plus one to three females, whereas in non-territorial groups as many as 54 fish share a common area. Among non… 

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