Social network changes and life events across the life span: a meta-analysis.

@article{Wrzus2013SocialNC,
  title={Social network changes and life events across the life span: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Cornelia Wrzus and Martha H{\"a}nel and Jenny Wagner and Franz J. Neyer},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2013},
  volume={139 1},
  pages={
          53-80
        }
}
For researchers and practitioners interested in social relationships, the question remains as to how large social networks typically are, and how their size and composition change across adulthood. On the basis of predictions of socioemotional selectivity theory and social convoy theory, we conducted a meta-analysis on age-related social network changes and the effects of life events on social networks using 277 studies with 177,635 participants from adolescence to old age. Cross-sectional as… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Selective narrowing of social networks across adulthood is associated with improved emotional experience in daily life

Cross-sectional analyses revealed that older adults reported that social network members elicited less negative emotion and more positive emotion, and the emotional tone of social networks, particularly when negative emotions were associated with network members, predicted daily emotional experience.

The Early-Life Origins of Later-Life Networks

Personal social networks profoundly influence a wide range of outcomes throughout the life course. But little research has considered how some features of individuals’ social networks may be shaped

Social Networks, Role-Relationships, and Personality in Older Adulthood

Objectives: This article examines the implications of personality traits for social network connectedness in older adulthood, across different social relationships. Methods: This article uses data

Social Networks, Role-Relationships, and Personality in Older Adulthood.

  • J. Iveniuk
  • Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2019
Extraversion and agreeableness were associated with tie strength, and extraversion was weakly associated with friend network size, although more-neurotic persons were more likely to talk about their health with friends.

Getting Together: Social Contact Frequency Across the Life Span

The frequency of in-person contact with family members remained relatively stable across the life span and the frequency of visits to and from nonfamily members declined following a cubic trajectory and dropped below thefrequency of family visits when respondents were in their mid-30s.

Changes in family composition and their effects on social capital in old age: evidence from a longitudinal study conducted in Switzerland

Previous studies have shown that family networks evolve over time. Nonetheless, little research has linked family expansion or shrinking to the levels of available family-based social capital in

Social Relationships and Health in Older Adulthood

Older adults make up a larger proportion of the population and are living longer than in any time in previous history, which has important implications for their social relationships. This essay

Who Cares About Your Big Day? Impact of Life Events on Dynamics of Social Networks

It is found that the indegree of ties increased significantly following a major life event, and that this impact was stronger for more active users in the network.

A Typology of Social Networks and Its Relationship to Psychological Well-Being in Korean Adults

Regression analyses showed that in comparison with the coresident-restricted group referent, diverse-friend and solo-restricted groups exhibited elevated levels of depressive symptoms; diverse-family and diverse- friend type had higher levels of satisfaction with life.

Age differences in reported social networks and well-being.

Although the reported number of close friends was unrelated to age, it was the main driver of well-being across the life span-even after accounting for the number of family members, neighbors, and peripheral others.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 351 REFERENCES

Network size and support in old age: differentials by socio-economic status in childhood and adulthood

This paper examines the impact of childhood and adulthood socio-economic status (SES) on personal network characteristics in later life. Data are derived from 2,285 married older adults (born between

The transition from middle childhood to early adolescence: Sex differences in the social network and perceived self-competence

This study concerns the development of social networks from middle childhood to early adolescence. On a longitudinal sample of 100 children seen at 9 and 13 years of age, three basic questions were

Counting on Kin: Social Networks, Social Support, and Child Health Status

This article presents the results of new data collection in Mexico about the relationship between child well-being and social networks. Two research questions guide the analysis. First, under what

Social network development and functioning during a life transition.

Network characteristics were significantly associated with the freshmen's successful adaptation to college, though the relative adaptiveness of particular network characteristics varied over time.

Losing and Gaining in Old Age: Changes in Personal Network Size and Social Support in a Four-Year Longitudinal Study

This study models the individual variability of the changes affecting multiple personal network characteristics among aging people and finds that age moderated the effect of time for some of the network characteristics, and for many of them, effects of regression towards the mean were detected.

The Effects of Social Networks on Disability in Older Australians

Social networks with relatives were protective against developing mobility disability and Nagi functional tasks and the effects of social relationships extend beyond disability in activities of daily living.

The Social Connectedness of Older Adults: A National Profile

A profile of older adults' social integration with respect to nine dimensions of interpersonal networks and voluntary associations is developed, suggesting that among older adults, age is negatively related to network size, closeness to network members, and number of non-primary-group ties.

Independence through social networks: bridging potential among older women and men.

  • B. Cornwell
  • Sociology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2011
Gender differences in the extent to which older adults maintain a related, but distinct, form of social capital-bridging potential, which involves serving as a tie between two unconnected parties and thus boosts independence and control of everyday social life are documents.

Social network types among older adults: a multidimensional approach.

Although the oldest-old individuals were overrepresented in the friend-focused-supported and restricted types, age did not moderate the association of types with well-being and a holistic consideration of structure, function, and quality of social networks in old age offers unique insights.

Social networks and disability transitions across eight intervals of yearly data in the New Haven EPESE.

It is suggested that being "embedded" in a social network of relatives and friends reduces risk for ADL disability, and enhances recovery from ADL disabled people in old age.
...