Social media and education: reconceptualizing the boundaries of formal and informal learning

  title={Social media and education: reconceptualizing the boundaries of formal and informal learning},
  author={Christine Greenhow and Cathy Lewin},
  journal={Learning, Media and Technology},
  pages={30 - 6}
It is argued that social media has the potential to bridge formal and informal learning through participatory digital cultures. [...] Key Method Through two contrasting case studies, we apply our model together with social constructivism and connectivism as theoretical lenses through which to tease out the complexities of learning in various settings. We conclude that our model could reveal new understandings of social media in education, and outline future research directions.Expand
Social Media for Learning: Advancing Theoretical Frameworks to Understand Complex Learning Environments
Students in higher education are driving the informal use of social media to support their cognitive and socio-emotional learning experiences during their undergraduate studies, with a growing
Young people learning from digital media outside of school: The informal meets the formal
The dissonance between what teenagers learn in classrooms and their everyday lives is not a recent phenomenon, but it is increasingly relevant as school systems are unable to follow the evolution of
Tools, Processes, Participation: Social Media for Learning, Teaching, and Social Change
Despite attempted pedagogical shifts toward situated learning, social constructivism, and social practice theory, we find pedagogy for social media to remain primarily situated in behaviorist or
The Use of Social Media and Popular Culture to Advance Cross-Cultural Understanding.
Although we live in a global society, educators face many challenges in finding meaningful ways to connect students to people of other cultures. This paper offers a case study of a collaboration
Acceptance Model of Social Media for Informal Learning
Social media is growing at an alarming rate and it holds a great potential for our very lives. These potentials can be exploited in improving the acceptance of informal learning. Informal learning
Social Media Challenges and Affordances for International Students
Many higher education institutions around the world are increasingly motivated to incorporate social media for pedagogical benefit. At the same time, many institutions are also attracting an
Are Social Media Sites a Platform for Formal or Informal learning? Students’ Experiences in Institutions of Higher Education
By being oblivious to the recent paradigm shift from formal learning to informal learning platforms, higher education institutions (HEIs) disadvantage student learning in the digital age. With the
Using social media in formal learning: Investigating learning strategies and satisfaction
It is found that in the formal learning context, students employed four types of self‐regulated learning strategies to achieve effective learning with social media, and among the four strategies, goal setting was most commonly used.
The influence of extramural access to mainstream culture social media on ethnic minority students' motivation for language learning
  • Chun Lai
  • Computer Science
    Br. J. Educ. Technol.
  • 2019
It is confirmed that social media practices in the informal contexts may influence students' motivated efforts in learning in the formal contexts and the importance of equipping ethnic minority students with the necessary socio‐cultural and communication skills to facilitate positive intercultural engagement on these sites so as to safeguard the positive influences of informal social media use on students' motivation for learning.
Generating learning through the crowd: the role of social media practices in supporting students as producers at scale
Social media and higher education pedagogy have enjoyed a chequered relationship with significant debates about the efficacy of social media as a site of student centred learning, the manager/host of


Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century
Many teens today who use the Internet are actively involved in participatory cultures -- joining online communities (Facebook, message boards, game clans), producing creative work in new forms
Informal learning and identity formation in online social networks
All students today are increasingly expected to develop technological fluency, digital citizenship, and other twenty‐first century competencies despite wide variability in the quality of learning
Mobile storytelling and informal education in a suburban area: a qualitative study on the potential of digital narratives for young second-generation immigrants
The article discusses an action-research study focused on developing participatory attitudes and the self-expression skills of a group (N = 15) of second-generation immigrant adolescents who live in
Educational scenarios for digital futures
This article frames and theorises the nature of adolescents’ informal experiences in Web 2.0 environments to articulate their fit or misfit with current conceptions of school education and
Reclaiming the students – coping with social media in 1:1 schools
There is a debate about the advantages and disadvantages of using social media in education. Drawing on interviews and surveys with students and teachers in three Swedish schools, this study finds
Investigating Instructional Strategies for Using Social Media in Formal and Informal Learning.
Despite the high popularity of personal use of online social media, a low percentage of students and instructors use them for educational purposes. This qualitative study explores the use of social
Old Communication, New Literacies: Social Network Sites as Social Learning Resources
Examination of the role of a social network site in the lives of 11 high school teenagers from low-income families in the U.S. revealed that students' use of social network sites demonstrated the new literacy practices currently being discussed within education reform efforts.
Mapping the digital divide in Britain: implications for learning and education
The internet presents many potential opportunities for people to learn for both formal and informal purposes. However, not everyone is able to make the most of the internet for learning. This paper
Living and Learning with New Media: Summary of Findings from the Digital Youth Project
This report summarizes the results of an ambitious three-year ethnographic study, funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, into how young people are living and learning with new
Social scholarship: Reconsidering scholarly practices in the age of social media
A critical examination of the practical and policy implications of reconsidering scholarship in light of social media's affordances toward a conceptualization of social scholarship is offered.